Catechism of the Catholic Church

182 Part One The notion of anointing suggests . . . that there is no distance between the Son and the Spirit. Indeed, just as between the surface of the body and the anointing with oil neither reason nor sensation recognizes any intermediary, so the contact of the Son with the Spirit is immediate, so that anyone who would make contact with the Son by faith must first encoun- ter the oil by contact. In fact there is no part that is not covered by the Holy Spirit. That is why the confession of the Son’s Lordship is made in the Holy Spirit by those who receive him, the Spirit coming from all sides to those who approach the Son in faith. 15 II. T he N ame , T itles , and S ymbols of the H oly S pirit The proper name of the Holy Spirit 691 “Holy Spirit” is the proper name of the one whom we adore and glorify with the Father and the Son. The Church has received this name from the Lord and professes it in the Baptism of her new children. 16 The term “Spirit” translates the Hebrew word ruah, which, in its primary sense, means breath, air, wind. Jesus indeed uses the sensory image of the wind to suggest to Nicodemus the transcendent newness of him who is personally God’s breath, the divine Spirit. 17 On the other hand, “Spirit” and “Holy” are divine attributes common to the three divine persons. By joining the two terms, Scripture, liturgy, and theological language designate the inexpressible person of the Holy Spirit, without any possible equivocation with other uses of the terms “spirit” and “holy.” Titles of the Holy Spirit 692 When he proclaims and promises the coming of the Holy Spirit, Jesus calls him the “Paraclete,” literally, “he who is called to one’s side,” ad-vocatus. 18 “Paraclete” is commonly translated by “consoler,” and Jesus is the first consoler. 19 The Lord also called the Holy Spirit “the Spirit of truth.” 20 15 St. Gregory of Nyssa, De Spiritu Sancto, 16: PG 45, 1321A-B. 16 Cf. Mt 28:19. 17 Jn 3:5-8. 18 Jn 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7. 19 Cf. 1 Jn 2:1. 20 Jn 16:13. 448 1433