Catechism of the Catholic Church

188 Part One a holy nation.” 75 But after David, Israel gave in to the temptation of becoming a kingdom like other nations. The Kingdom, however, the object of the promise made to David, 76 would be the work of the Holy Spirit; it would belong to the poor according to the Spirit. 710 The forgetting of the Lawand the infidelity to the covenant end in death: it is the Exile, apparently the failure of the promises, which is in fact the mysterious fidelity of the Savior God and the beginning of a promised restoration, but according to the Spirit. The People of God had to suffer this purification. 77 In God’s plan, the Exile already stands in the shadow of the Cross, and the Remnant of the poor that returns from the Exile is one of the most transparent prefigurations of the Church. Expectation of the Messiah and his Spirit 711 “Behold, I am doing a new thing.” 78 Two prophetic lines were to develop, one leading to the expectation of the Messiah, the other pointing to the announcement of a new Spirit. They converge in the small Remnant, the people of the poor, who await in hope the “consolation of Israel” and “the redemption of Jerusalem.” 79 We have seen earlier how Jesus fulfills the prophecies concerning himself. We limit ourselves here to those in which the relationship of the Messiah and his Spirit appears more clearly. 712 The characteristics of the awaited Messiah begin to appear in the “Book of Emmanuel” (“Isaiah said this when he saw his glory,” 80 speaking of Christ), especially in the first two verses of Isaiah 11: There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots. And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord . 81 75 Ex 19:5-6; Cf. 1 Pet 2:9. 76 Cf. 2 Sam 7; Ps 89; Lk 1:32-33. 77 Cf. Lk 24:26. 78 Isa 43:19. 79 Cf. Zeph 2:3; Lk 2:25, 38. 80 Jn 12:41; cf . Isa 6-12. 81 Isa 11:1-2. 64 522 439