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The Profession of Faith

101

woman becomes subject to tensions, their relations henceforth

marked by lust and domination.

282

Harmony with creation is

broken: visible creation has become alien and hostile to man.

283

Because of man, creation is now subject “to its bondage to de-

cay.”

284

Finally, the consequence explicitly foretold for this disobe-

dience will come true: man will “return to the ground,”

285

for out

of it he was taken.

Death makes its entrance into human history.

286

401

After that first sin, the world is virtually inundated by sin.

There is Cain’s murder of his brother Abel and the universal

corruption which follows in the wake of sin. Likewise, sin fre-

quently manifests itself in the history of Israel, especially as infi-

delity to the God of the Covenant and as transgression of the Law

of Moses. And even after Christ’s atonement, sin raises its head in

countless ways among Christians.

287

Scripture and the Church’s

Tradition continually recall the presence and

universality of sin in

man’s history:

What Revelation makes known to us is confirmed by our

own experience. For when man looks into his own heart he

finds that he is drawn toward what is wrong and sunk in

many evils which cannot come from his good creator. Often

refusing to acknowledge God as his source, man has also

upset the relationship which should link him to his last end;

and at the same time he has broken the right order that

should reign within himself as well as between himself and

other men and all creatures.

288

The consequences of Adam’s sin for humanity

402

All men are implicated inAdam’s sin, as St. Paul affirms: “By

one man’s disobedience many [that is, all men] were made sinners”:

“sin came into the world through oneman and death through sin, and

so death spread to all men because all men sinned. . . .”

289

TheApostle

contrasts the universality of sin and death with the universality of

salvation in Christ. “Then as one man’s trespass led to condemnation

for all men, so one man’s act of righteousness leads to acquittal and

life for all men.”

290

282 Cf.

Gen

3:7-16.

283 Cf.

Gen

3:17, 19.

284

Rom

8:21.

285

Gen

3:19; cf. 2:17.

286 Cf.

Rom

5:12.

287 Cf.

Gen

4:3-15; 6:5, 12;

Rom

1:18-32;

1 Cor

1-6;

Rev

2-3.

288

GS

13 § 1.

289

Rom

5:12, 19.

290

Rom

5:18.

1865

2259

1739

430, 605