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The Profession of Faith

105

plan. Their choice against God is definitive. They try

to associate man in their revolt against God.

415

“Although set by God in a state of rectitude, man,

enticed by the evil one, abused his freedom at the very

start of history. He lifted himself up against God and

sought to attain his goal apart from him” (

GS

13 § 1).

416

By his sin Adam, as the first man, lost the original

holiness and justice he had received from God, not

only for himself but for all human beings.

417

Adam and Eve transmitted to their descendants hu-

man nature wounded by their own first sin and hence

deprived of original holiness and justice; this depriva­

tion is called “original sin.”

418

As a result of original sin, human nature is weakened

in its powers; subject to ignorance, suffering, and the

domination of death; and inclined to sin (This inclina-

tion is called “concupiscence.”).

419

“We therefore hold, with the Council of Trent, that

original sin is transmitted with human nature, ‘by

propagation, not by imitation’ and that it is . . . ‘proper

to each’” (Paul VI,

CPG

§ 16).

420

The victory that Christ won over sin has given us

greater blessings than those which sin had taken from

us: “where sin increased, grace abounded all the

more” (

Rom

5:20).

421

Christians believe that “theworldhas been established

and kept in being by the Creator’s love; has fallen into

slavery to sin but has been set free by Christ, crucified

and risen to break the power of the evil one . . .” (

GS

2

§ 2).