The Profession of Faith
plan. Their choice against God is definitive. They try
to associate man in their revolt against God.
“Although set by God in a state of rectitude, man,
enticed by the evil one, abused his freedom at the very
start of history. He lifted himself up against God and
sought to attain his goal apart from him” (
13 § 1).
By his sin Adam, as the first man, lost the original
holiness and justice he had received from God, not
only for himself but for all human beings.
Adam and Eve transmitted to their descendants hu-
man nature wounded by their own first sin and hence
deprived of original holiness and justice; this depriva
tion is called “original sin.”
As a result of original sin, human nature is weakened
in its powers; subject to ignorance, suffering, and the
domination of death; and inclined to sin (This inclina-
tion is called “concupiscence.”).
“We therefore hold, with the Council of Trent, that
original sin is transmitted with human nature, ‘by
propagation, not by imitation’ and that it is . . . ‘proper
to each’” (Paul VI,
The victory that Christ won over sin has given us
greater blessings than those which sin had taken from
us: “where sin increased, grace abounded all the
Christians believe that “theworldhas been established
and kept in being by the Creator’s love; has fallen into
slavery to sin but has been set free by Christ, crucified
and risen to break the power of the evil one . . .” (