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110

Part One

God would send to inaugurate his kingdom definitively.

30

It was

necessary that theMessiah be anointed by the Spirit of the Lord at once

as king and priest, and also as prophet.

31

Jesus fulfilled the messianic

hope of Israel in his threefold office of priest, prophet, and king.

437

To the shepherds, the angel announced the birth of Jesus

as the Messiah promised to Israel: “To you is born this day in the

city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.”

32

From the begin-

ning he was “the one whom the Father consecrated and sent into

the world,” conceived as “holy” in Mary’s virginal womb.

33

God

called Joseph to “take Mary as your wife, for that which is con-

ceived in her is of the Holy Spirit,” so that Jesus, “who is called

Christ,” should be born of Joseph’s spouse into the messianic

lineage of David.

34

438

Jesus’ messianic consecration reveals his divine mission,

“for the name ‘Christ’ implies ‘he who anointed,’ ‘he who was

anointed’ and ‘the very anointing with which he was anointed.’

The one who anointed is the Father, the one who was anointed is

the Son, and he was anointed with the Spirit who is the anoint-

ing.”

35

His eternal messianic consecration was revealed during the

time of his earthly life at the moment of his baptism by John, when

“God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with

power,” “that he might be revealed to Israel”

36

as its Messiah. His

works and words will manifest him as “the Holy One of God.”

37

439

Many Jews and even certain Gentiles who shared their

hope recognized in Jesus the fundamental attributes of the messi-

anic “Son of David,” promised by God to Israel.

38

Jesus accepted

his rightful title of Messiah, though with some reserve because it

was understood by some of his contemporaries in too human a

sense, as essentially political.

39

30 Cf.

Ps

2:2;

Acts

4:26-27.

31 Cf.

Isa

11:2; 61:1;

Zech

4:14; 6:13:

Lk

4:16-21.

32

Lk

2:11.

33

Jn

10:36: cf.

Lk

1:35.

34

Mt

1:20; cf.

Mt

1:16;

Rom

1:1;

2 Tim

2:8;

Rev

22:16.

35 St. Irenaeus,

Adv. haeres.,

3, 18, 3: PG 7/1, 934.

36

Acts

10:38;

Jn

1:31.

37

Mk

1:24;

Jn

6:69;

Acts

3:14.

38 Cf.

Mt

2:2; 9:27; 12:23; 15:22; 20:30; 21:9, 15.

39 Cf.

Jn

4:25-26; 6:15; 11:27;

Mt

22:41-46;

Lk

24:21.

711-716

783

525, 486

727

535

528-529

547