Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  118 / 904 Next Page
Show Menu
Previous Page 118 / 904 Next Page
Page Background


Part One

Following the holy Fathers, we unanimously teach and confess

one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ: the same perfect

in divinity and perfect in humanity, the same truly God and

trulyman, composedof rational soul andbody; consubstantial

with the Father as to his divinity and consubstantial with us as

to his humanity; “like us in all things but sin.”Hewas begotten

from the Father before all ages as to his divinity and in these

last days, for us and for our salvation, was born as to his

humanity of the virgin Mary, the Mother of God.


We confess that one and the same Christ, Lord, and only-be­

gotten Son, is to be acknowledged in two natures without

confusion, change, division, or separation. The distinction

between the natures was never abolished by their union, but

rather the character proper to each of the two natures was

preserved as they came together in one person (


) and

one hypostasis.



After the Council of Chalcedon, some made of Christ’s

human nature a kind of personal subject. Against them, the fifth

ecumenical council at Constantinople in 553 confessed that “there

is but one


[or person], which is our Lord Jesus Christ, one

of the Trinity.”


Thus everything in Christ’s human nature is to be

attributed to his divine person as its proper subject, not only his

miracles but also his sufferings and even his death: “He who was

crucified in the flesh, our Lord Jesus Christ, is true God, Lord of

glory, and

one of the Holy Trinity.



The Church thus confesses that Jesus is inseparably true

God and true man. He is truly the Son of God who, without ceasing

to be God and Lord, became a man and our brother:

“What he was, he remained and what he was not, he as-

sumed,” sings the Roman Liturgy.


And the liturgy of St.

John Chrysostom proclaims and sings: “O only-begotten Son

and Word of God, immortal being, you who deigned for our

salvation to become incarnate of the holy Mother of God and

ever-virgin Mary, you who without change became man and

were crucified, O Christ our God, you who by your death

have crushed death, you who are one of the Holy Trinity,

glorified with the Father and the Holy Spirit, save us!”


91 Council of Chalcedon (451): DS 301; cf.



92 Council of Chalcedon: DS 302.

93 Council of Constantinople II (553): DS 424.

94 Council of Constantinople II (553): DS 432; cf. DS 424; Council of

Ephesus, DS 255.



January 1, Antiphon for Morning Prayer; cf. St. Leo the Great,

Sermo in

nat. Dom.

1, 2; PL 54, 191-192.

96 Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, Troparion “

O monogenes.