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120

Part One

of God’s Son,

not by itself but by its union with the Word,

knew and

showed forth in itself everything that pertains to God.”

105

Such is

first of all the case with the intimate and immediate knowledge that

the Son of God made man has of his Father.

106

The Son in his

human knowledge also showed the divine penetration he had into

the secret thoughts of human hearts.

107

474

By its union to the divine wisdom in the person of the

Word incarnate, Christ enjoyed in his human knowledge the full-

ness of understanding of the eternal plans he had come to reveal.

108

What he admitted to not knowing in this area, he elsewhere de-

clared himself not sent to reveal.

109

Christ’s human will

475

Similarly, at the sixth ecumenical council, Constantinople

III in 681, the Church confessed that Christ possesses two wills and

two natural operations, divine and human. They are not opposed

to each other, but cooperate in such a way that the Word made flesh

willed humanly in obedience to his Father all that he had decided

divinely with the Father and the Holy Spirit for our salvation.

110

Christ’s human will “does not resist or oppose but rather submits

to his divine and almighty will.”

111

Christ’s true body

476

Since the Word became flesh in assuming a true humanity,

Christ’s body was finite.

112

Therefore the human face of Jesus can be

portrayed; at the seventh ecumenical council (Nicaea II in 787) the

Church recognized its representation in holy images to be legitimate.

113

477

At the same time the Church has always acknowledged

that in the body of Jesus “we recognize in him God made visible,

[so that] we may be caught up through him in the love of things

invisible.”

114

The individual characteristics of Christ’s body

105 St. Maximus the Confessor,

Qu. et dub.

66: PG 90, 840A.

106 Cf.

Mk

14:36;

Mt

11:27;

Jn

1:18; 8:55; etc.

107 Cf.

Mk

2:8;

Jn

2:25; 6:61; etc.

108 Cf.

Mk

8:31; 9:31; 10:33-34; 14:18-20, 26-30.

109 Cf.

Mk

13:32;

Acts

1:7.

110 Cf. Council of Constantinople III (681): DS 556-559.

111 Council of Constantinople III: DS 556.

112 Cf. Council of the Lateran (649): DS 504.

113 Cf.

Gal

3:1; cf. Council of Nicaea II (787): DS 600-603.

114

Roman Missal,

Preface I of the Nativity of the Lord.

240

2008

2824

1159-1162

2129-2132