of God’s Son,
not by itself but by its union with the Word,
showed forth in itself everything that pertains to God.”
first of all the case with the intimate and immediate knowledge that
the Son of God made man has of his Father.
The Son in his
human knowledge also showed the divine penetration he had into
the secret thoughts of human hearts.
By its union to the divine wisdom in the person of the
Word incarnate, Christ enjoyed in his human knowledge the full-
ness of understanding of the eternal plans he had come to reveal.
What he admitted to not knowing in this area, he elsewhere de-
clared himself not sent to reveal.
Christ’s human will
Similarly, at the sixth ecumenical council, Constantinople
III in 681, the Church confessed that Christ possesses two wills and
two natural operations, divine and human. They are not opposed
to each other, but cooperate in such a way that the Word made flesh
willed humanly in obedience to his Father all that he had decided
divinely with the Father and the Holy Spirit for our salvation.
Christ’s human will “does not resist or oppose but rather submits
to his divine and almighty will.”
Christ’s true body
Since the Word became flesh in assuming a true humanity,
Christ’s body was finite.
Therefore the human face of Jesus can be
portrayed; at the seventh ecumenical council (Nicaea II in 787) the
Church recognized its representation in holy images to be legitimate.
At the same time the Church has always acknowledged
that in the body of Jesus “we recognize in him God made visible,
[so that] we may be caught up through him in the love of things
The individual characteristics of Christ’s body
105 St. Maximus the Confessor,
Qu. et dub.
66: PG 90, 840A.
1:18; 8:55; etc.
2:25; 6:61; etc.
8:31; 9:31; 10:33-34; 14:18-20, 26-30.
110 Cf. Council of Constantinople III (681): DS 556-559.
111 Council of Constantinople III: DS 556.
112 Cf. Council of the Lateran (649): DS 504.
3:1; cf. Council of Nicaea II (787): DS 600-603.
Preface I of the Nativity of the Lord.