Paragraph 2. Who Was Conceived by the Holy Spirit,
Born of theVirgin Mary
The Annunciation to Mary inaugurates “the fullness of
the time of the fulfillment of God’s promises and prepa-
rations. Mary was invited to conceive him in whom the “whole
fullness of deity” would dwell “bodily.”
The divine response to
her question, “How can this be, since I know not man?” was given
by the power of the Spirit: “The Holy Spirit will come upon
The mission of the Holy Spirit is always conjoined and
ordered to that of the Son.
The Holy Spirit, “the Lord, the giver
of life,” is sent to sanctify the womb of the Virgin Mary and
divinely fecundate it, causing her to conceive the eternal Son of the
Father in a humanity drawn from her own.
The Father’s only Son, conceived as man in the womb of
the Virgin Mary, is “Christ,” that is to say, anointed by the Holy
Spirit, from the beginning of his human existence, though the
manifestation of this fact takes place only progressively: to the
shepherds, to the magi, to John the Baptist, to the disciples.
the whole life of Jesus Christ will make manifest “how God
anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with
What the Catholic faith believes about Mary is based on
what it believes about Christ, and what it teaches about Mary
illumines in turn its faith in Christ.
“God sent forth his Son,” but to prepare a body for him,
he wanted the free cooperation of a creature. For this, from all