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122

Part One

Paragraph 2. Who Was Conceived by the Holy Spirit,

Born of theVirgin Mary

I.

W

ho

W

as

C

onceived

by

the

H

oly

S

pirit

,

484

The Annunciation to Mary inaugurates “the fullness of

time,”

119

the time of the fulfillment of God’s promises and prepa-

rations. Mary was invited to conceive him in whom the “whole

fullness of deity” would dwell “bodily.”

120

The divine response to

her question, “How can this be, since I know not man?” was given

by the power of the Spirit: “The Holy Spirit will come upon

you.”

121

485

The mission of the Holy Spirit is always conjoined and

ordered to that of the Son.

122

The Holy Spirit, “the Lord, the giver

of life,” is sent to sanctify the womb of the Virgin Mary and

divinely fecundate it, causing her to conceive the eternal Son of the

Father in a humanity drawn from her own.

486

The Father’s only Son, conceived as man in the womb of

the Virgin Mary, is “Christ,” that is to say, anointed by the Holy

Spirit, from the beginning of his human existence, though the

manifestation of this fact takes place only progressively: to the

shepherds, to the magi, to John the Baptist, to the disciples.

123

Thus

the whole life of Jesus Christ will make manifest “how God

anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with

power.”

124

II.

B

orn of

the

V

irgin

M

ary

487

What the Catholic faith believes about Mary is based on

what it believes about Christ, and what it teaches about Mary

illumines in turn its faith in Christ.

Mary’s predestination

488

“God sent forth his Son,” but to prepare a body for him,

125

he wanted the free cooperation of a creature. For this, from all

119

Gal

4:4.

120

Col

2:9.

121

Lk

1:34-35 (Gk.).

122 Cf.

Jn

16:14-15.

123 Cf.

Mt

1:20; 2:1-12;

Lk

1:35; 2:8-20;

Jn

1:31-34; 2:11.

124

Acts

10:38.

125

Gal

4:4;

Heb

10:5.

461

721

689, 723

437

963