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The Profession of Faith

127

501

Jesus is Mary’s only son, but her spiritual motherhood

extends to all men whom indeed he came to save: “The Son whom

she brought forth is he whom God placed as the first-born among

many brethren, that is, the faithful in whose generation and formu­

lation she cooperates with a mother’s love.”

160

Mary’s virginal motherhood in God’s plan

502

The eyes of faith can discover in the context of the whole

of Revelation the mysterious reasons why God in his saving plan

wanted his Son to be born of a virgin. These reasons touch both on

the person of Christ and his redemptive mission, and on the

welcome Mary gave that mission on behalf of all men.

503

Mary’s virginity manifests God’s absolute initiative in the Incar­

nation. Jesus has only God as Father. “He was never estranged from the

Father because of the human nature which he assumed . . . . He is naturally

Son of the Father as to his divinity and naturally son of his mother as to

his humanity, but properly Son of the Father in both natures.”

161

504

Jesus is conceived by the Holy Spirit in the Virgin Mary’s womb

because he is the NewAdam, who inaugurates the new creation: “The first

man was from the earth, a man of dust; the second man is from heaven.”

162

From his conception, Christ’s humanity is filled with the Holy Spirit, for

God “gives him the Spirit without measure.”

163

From “his fullness” as the

head of redeemed humanity “we have all received, grace upon grace.”

164

505

By his virginal conception, Jesus, the New Adam, ushers in

the

new birth

of children adopted in the Holy Spirit through faith. “How can

this be?”

165

Participation in the divine life arises “not of blood nor of the

will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.”

166

The acceptance of

this life is virginal because it is entirely the Spirit’s gift to man. The spousal

character of the human vocation in relation to God

167

is fulfilled perfectly

in Mary’s virginal motherhood.

506

Mary is a virgin because her virginity is

the sign of her faith

“unadulterated by any doubt,” and of her undivided gift of herself to God’s

will.

168

It is her faith that enables her to become the mother of the Savior:

160

LG

63; cf.

Jn

19:26-27;

Rom

8:29;

Rev

12:17.

161 Council of Friuli (796): DS 619; cf.

Lk

2:48-49.

162

1 Cor

15:45, 47.

163

Jn

3:34.

164

Jn

1:16; cf.

Col

1:18.

165

Lk

1:34; cf.

Jn

3:9.

166

Jn

1:13.

167 Cf.

2 Cor

11:2.

168

LG

63; cf.

1 Cor

7:34-35.

969

970

90

422

359

1265

148

1814