“Mary is more blessed because she embraces faith in Christ than because
she conceives the flesh of Christ.”
At once virgin and mother, Mary is the symbol and the most
perfect realization of the Church: “the Church indeed . . . by receiving the
word of God in faith becomes herself a mother. By preaching and Baptism
she brings forth sons, who are conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of
God, to a new and immortal life. She herself is a virgin, who keeps in its
entirety and purity the faith she pledged to her spouse.”
From among the descendants of Eve, God chose the
Virgin Mary to be the mother of his Son. “Full of
grace,” Mary is “the most excellent fruit of redemp-
103): from the first instant of her conception,
she was totally preserved from the stain of original sin
and she remained pure from all personal sin through-
out her life.
Mary is truly “Mother of God” since she is the mother
of the eternal Son of God made man, who is God
Mary “remained a virgin in conceiving her Son, a
virgin in giving birth to him, a virgin in carrying him,
a virgin in nursing him at her breast, always a virgin”
186, 1: PL 38, 999): with her whole
being she is “the handmaid of the Lord” (
The Virgin Mary “cooperated through free faith and
obedience in human salvation” (
56). She uttered
her yes “in the name of all human nature” (St. Thomas
III, 30, 1). By her obedience she became
the new Eve, mother of the living.
169 St. Augustine,
3: PL 40, 398.
64; cf. 63.