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The Profession of Faith

137

become the Father’s beloved son in the Son and “walk in newness

of life”:

238

Let us be buried with Christ by Baptism to rise with him; let

us go down with him to be raised with him; and let us rise

with him to be glorified with him.

239

Everything that happened to Christ lets us know that, after

the bath of water, the Holy Spirit swoops down upon us from

high heaven and that, adopted by the Father’s voice, we

become sons of God.

240

Jesus’ temptations

538

The Gospels speak of a time of solitude for Jesus in the

desert immediately after his baptism by John. Driven by the Spirit

into the desert, Jesus remains there for forty days without eating;

he lives among wild beasts, and angels minister to him.

241

At the

end of this time Satan tempts him three times, seeking to compro-

mise his filial attitude toward God. Jesus rebuffs these attacks,

which recapitulate the temptations of Adam in Paradise and of

Israel in the desert, and the devil leaves him “until an opportune

time.”

242

539

The evangelists indicate the salvific meaning of this mys-

terious event: Jesus is the new Adam who remained faithful just

where the first Adam had given in to temptation. Jesus fulfills

Israel’s vocation perfectly: in contrast to those who had once

provoked God during forty years in the desert, Christ reveals

himself as God’s Servant, totally obedient to the divine will. In this,

Jesus is the devil’s conqueror: he “binds the strong man” to take

back his plunder.

243

Jesus’ victory over the tempter in the desert

anticipates victory at the Passion, the supreme act of obedience of

his filial love for the Father.

238

Rom

6:4.

239 St. Gregory of Nazianzus,

Oratio.

40, 9: PG 36, 369.

240 St. Hilary of Poitiers,

In Matth.

2, 5: PL 9, 927.

241 Cf.

Mk

1:12-13.

242

Lk

4:13.

243 Cf.

Ps

95:10;

Mk

3:27.

628

394

518

397

385

609