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142

Part One

553

Jesus entrusted a specific authority to Peter: “I will give

you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on

earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth

shall be loosed in heaven.”

287

The “power of the keys” designates

authority to govern the house of God, which is the Church. Jesus,

theGood Shepherd, confirmed thismandate after his Resurrection:

“Feed my sheep.”

288

The power to “bind and loose” connotes the

authority to absolve sins, to pronounce doctrinal judgments, and

to make disciplinary decisions in the Church. Jesus entrusted this

authority to the Church through the ministry of the apostles

289

and

in particular through the ministry of Peter, the only one to whom

he specifically entrusted the keys of the kingdom.

A foretaste of the Kingdom: the Transfiguration

554

From the day Peter confessed that Jesus is the Christ, the

Son of the living God, the Master “began to show his disciples that

he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things . . . and be killed,

and on the third day be raised.”

290

Peter scorns this prediction, nor

do the others understand it any better than he.

291

In this context

the mysterious episode of Jesus’ Transfiguration takes place on a

high mountain,

292

before three witnesses chosen by himself: Peter,

James, and John. Jesus’ face and clothes become dazzling with

light, and Moses and Elijah appear, speaking “of his departure,

which he was to accomplish at Jerusalem.”

293

A cloud covers him

and a voice from heaven says: “This is my Son, my Chosen; listen

to him!”

294

555

For a moment Jesus discloses his divine glory, confirming

Peter’s confession. He also reveals that he will have to go by the

way of the cross at Jerusalem in order to “enter into his glory.”

295

Moses and Elijah had seen God’s glory on the Mountain; the Law

and the Prophets had announced the Messiah’s sufferings.

296

Christ’s Passion is the will of the Father: the Son acts as God’s

servant;

297

the cloud indicates the presence of the Holy Spirit. “The

287

Mt

16:19.

288

Jn

21:15-17; cf. 10:11.

289 Cf.

Mt

18:18.

290

Mt

16:21.

291 Cf.

Mt

16:22-23;

Mt

17:23;

Lk

9:45.

292 Cf.

Mt

17:1-8 and parallels;

2 Pet

1:16-18.

293

Lk

9:31.

294

Lk

9:35.

295

Lk

24:26.

296 Cf.

Lk

24:27.

297 Cf.

Isa

42:1.

881

1445

641, 881

697, 2600

440

2576, 2583

257