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144

Part One

Jesus’ ascent to Jerusalem

557

“When the days drew near for him to be taken up [Jesus]

set his face to go to Jerusalem.”

304

By this decision he indicated that

he was going up to Jerusalem prepared to die there. Three times he

had announced his Passion and Resurrection; now, heading to-

ward Jerusalem, Jesus says: “It cannot be that a prophet should

perish away from Jerusalem.”

305

558

Jesus recalls the martyrdom of the prophets who had been

put to death in Jerusalem. Nevertheless he persists in calling Jeru­

salem to gather around him: “How often would I have gathered

your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings,

and you would not!”

306

When Jerusalem comes into view he weeps

over her and expresses once again his heart’s desire: “Would that

even today you knew the things that make for peace! But now they

are hid from your eyes.”

307

Jesus’ messianic entrance into Jerusalem

559

How will Jerusalem welcome her Messiah? Although Je-

sus had always refused popular attempts to make him king, he

chooses the time and prepares the details for his messianic entry

into the city of “his father David.”

308

Acclaimed as son of David,

as the one who brings salvation (

Hosanna

means “Save!” or “Give

salvation!”), the “King of glory” enters his City “riding on an

ass.”

309

Jesus conquers the Daughter of Zion, a figure of his

Church, neither by ruse nor by violence, but by the humility that

bears witness to the truth.

310

And so the subjects of his kingdom

on that day are children and God’s poor, who acclaim him as had

the angels when they announced him to the shepherds.

311

Their

acclamation, “Blessed be he who comes in the name of the

Lord

,”

312

is taken up by the Church in the “

Sanctus

” of the Eu-

charistic liturgy that introduces the memorial of the Lord’s

Passover.

304

Lk

9:51; cf.

Jn

13:1.

305

Lk

13:33; cf.

Mk

8:31-33; 9:31-32; 10:32-34.

306

Mt

23:37.

307

Lk

19:41-42.

308

Lk

1:32; cf.

Mt

21:1-11;

Jn

6:15.

309

Ps

24:7-10;

Zech

9:9.

310 Cf.

Jn

18:37.

311 Cf.

Mt

21:15-16; cf.

Ps

8:3;

Lk

19:38; 2:14.

312 Cf.

Ps

118:26.

333

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