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154

Part One

following suit, both accept “the ignorance” of the Jews of Jerusalem

and even of their leaders.

386

Still less can we extend responsibility

to other Jews of different times and places, based merely on the

crowd’s cry: “His blood be on us and on our children!” a formula

for ratifying a judicial sentence.

387

As the Church declared at the

Second Vatican Council:

. . . [N]either all Jews indiscriminately at that time, nor Jews

today, can be charged with the crimes committed during his

Passion. . . . [T]he Jews should not be spoken of as rejected

or accursed as if this followed from holy Scripture.

388

All sinners were the authors of Christ’s Passion

598

In her Magisterial teaching of the faith and in the witness

of her saints, the Church has never forgotten that “sinners were the

authors and the ministers of all the sufferings that the divine

Redeemer endured.”

389

Taking into account the fact that our sins

affect Christ himself,

390

the Church does not hesitate to impute to

Christians the gravest responsibility for the torments inflicted

upon Jesus, a responsibility with which they have all too often

burdened the Jews alone:

We must regard as guilty all those who continue to relapse

into their sins. Since our sins made the Lord Christ suffer the

torment of the cross, those who plunge themselves into

disorders and crimes crucify the Son of God anew in their

hearts (for he is in them) and hold him up to contempt. And

it can be seen that our crime in this case is greater in us than

in the Jews. As for them, according to the witness of the

Apostle, “None of the rulers of this age understood this; for

if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.”

We, however, profess to know him. And when we deny him

by our deeds, we in some way seem to lay violent hands on

him.

391

Nor did demons crucify him; it is you who have crucified

him and crucify him still, when you delight in your vices and

sins.

392

386 Cf.

Lk

23:34;

Acts

3:17.

387

Mt

27:25; cf.

Acts

5:28; 18:6.

388

NA

4.

389

Roman Catechism

I, 5, 11; cf.

Heb

12:3.

390 Cf.

Mt

25:45;

Acts

9:4-5.

391

Roman Catechism

I, 5, 11; cf.

Heb

6:6;

1 Cor

2:8.

392 St. Francis of Assisi,

Admonitio

5, 3.

839

1851