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156

Part One

“For our sake God made him to be sin”

602

Consequently, St. Peter can formulate the apostolic faith in

the divine plan of salvation in this way: “You were ransomed from

the futile ways inherited from your fathers . . . with the precious

blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot. He was

destined before the foundation of theworld but wasmademanifest

at the end of the times for your sake.”

402

Man’s sins, following on

original sin, are punishable by death.

403

By sending his own Son

in the form of a slave, in the form of a fallen humanity, on account

of sin, God “made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him

we might become the righteousness of God.”

404

603

Jesus did not experience reprobation as if he himself had

sinned.

405

But in the redeeming love that always united him to the

Father, he assumed us in the state of our waywardness of sin, to

the point that he could say in our name from the cross: “My God,

my God, why have you forsaken me?”

406

Having thus established

him in solidarity with us sinners, God “did not spare his own Son

but gave him up for us all,” so that we might be “reconciled to God

by the death of his Son.”

407

God takes the initiative of universal redeeming love

604

By giving up his own Son for our sins, Godmanifests that his

plan for us is one of benevolent love, prior to any merit on our part:

“In this is love, not that we loved God but that he loved us and sent

his Son to be the expiation for our sins.”

408

God “shows his love for

us in that while we were yet sinners Christ died for us.”

409

605

At the end of the parable of the lost sheep Jesus recalled

that God’s love excludes no one: “So it is not the will of your Father

who is in heaven that one of these little ones should perish.”

410

He

affirms that he came “to give his life as a ransom for many”; this

last term is not restrictive, but contrasts the whole of humanity with

the unique person of the redeemer who hands himself over to save

402

1 Pet

1:18-20.

403 Cf.

Rom

5:12;

1 Cor

15:56.

404

2 Cor

5:21; cf.

Phil

2:7;

Rom

8:3.

405 Cf.

Jn

8:46.

406

Mk

15:34;

Ps

22:2; cf.

Jn

8:29.

407

Rom

8:32, 5:10.

408

1 Jn

4:10; 4:19.

409

Rom

5:8.

410

Mt

18:14.

400

519

2572

211, 2009

1825

402