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Part One

Jesus substitutes his obedience for our disobedience

615

“For as by oneman’s disobediencemanyweremade sinners,

so by one man’s obedience many will be made righteous.”

443

By his

obedience unto death, Jesus accomplished the substitution of the

suffering Servant, who “makes himself an

offering for sin,

” when “he

bore the sin of many,” and who “shall make many to be accounted

righteous,” for “he shall bear their iniquities.”

444

Jesus atoned for our

faults and made satisfaction for our sins to the Father.

445

Jesus consummates his sacrifice on the Cross

616

It is love “to the end”

446

that confers on Christ’s sacrifice

its value as redemption and reparation, as atonement and satisfac­

tion. He knew and loved us all when he offered his life.

447

Now

“the love of Christ controls us, because we are convinced that one

has died for all; therefore all have died.”

448

No man, not even the

holiest, was ever able to take on himself the sins of all men and offer

himself as a sacrifice for all. The existence in Christ of the divine

person of the Son, who at once surpasses and embraces all human

persons and constitutes himself as the Head of all mankind,

makes possible his redemptive sacrifice

for all.

617

The Council of Trent emphasizes the unique character of

Christ’s sacrifice as “the source of eternal salvation”

449

and teaches

that “his most holy Passion on the wood of the cross merited

justification for us.”

450

And the Church venerates his cross as it

sings: “Hail, O Cross, our only hope.”

451

Our participation in Christ’s sacrifice

618

The cross is the unique sacrifice of Christ, the “one media­

tor between God and men.”

452

But because in his incarnate divine

person he has in some way united himself to every man, “the

possibility of being made partners, in a way known to God, in the

443

Rom

5:19.

444

Isa

53:10-12.

445 Cf. Council of Trent (1547): DS 1529.

446

Jn

13:1.

447 Cf.

Gal

2:20;

Eph

5:2, 25.

448

2 Cor

5:14.

449

Heb

5:9.

450 Council of Trent: DS 1529.

451

LH,

Lent, Holy Week, Evening Prayer, Hymn

Vexilla regis.

452

1 Tim

2:5.

1850

433

411

478

468

519

1992

1235