The Fathers contemplate the Resurrection from the per-
spective of the divine person of Christ who remained united to his
soul and body, even when these were separated from each other
by death: “By the unity of the divine nature, which remains present
in each of the two components of man, these are reunited. For as
death is produced by the separation of the human components, so
Resurrection is achieved by the union of the two.”
“If Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain
and your faith is in vain.”
The Resurrection above all constitutes
the confirmation of all Christ’s works and teachings. All truths,
even those most inaccessible to human reason, find their justifica-
tion if Christ by his Resurrection has given the definitive proof of
his divine authority, which he had promised.
Christ’s Resurrection is the fulfillment of the promises
both of the Old Testament and of Jesus himself during his earthly
The phrase “in accordance with the Scriptures”
that Christ’s Resurrection fulfilled these predictions.
The truth of Jesus’ divinity is confirmed by his Resurrec-
tion. He had said: “When you have lifted up the Son of man, then
you will know that I am he.”
The Resurrection of the crucified
one shows that he was truly “I Am,” the Son of God and God
himself. So St. Paul could declare to the Jews: “What God promised
to the fathers, this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising
Jesus; as also it is written in the second psalm, ‘You are my Son,
today I have begotten you.’”
Christ’s Resurrection is closely
linked to the Incarnation of God’s Son and is its fulfillment in
accordance with God’s eternal plan.
The Paschal mystery has two aspects: by his death, Christ
liberates us from sin; by his Resurrection, he opens for us the way
to a new life. This new life is above all justification that reinstates
520 St. Gregory of Nyssa,
In Christi res. orat.
1: PG 46:617B; cf. also DS 325;
24:6-7, 26-27, 44-48.
15:3-4; cf. the Nicene Creed.