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170

Part One

650

The Fathers contemplate the Resurrection from the per-

spective of the divine person of Christ who remained united to his

soul and body, even when these were separated from each other

by death: “By the unity of the divine nature, which remains present

in each of the two components of man, these are reunited. For as

death is produced by the separation of the human components, so

Resurrection is achieved by the union of the two.”

520

III.

T

he

M

eaning and

S

aving

S

ignificance

of

the

R

esurrection

651

“If Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain

and your faith is in vain.”

521

The Resurrection above all constitutes

the confirmation of all Christ’s works and teachings. All truths,

even those most inaccessible to human reason, find their justifica-

tion if Christ by his Resurrection has given the definitive proof of

his divine authority, which he had promised.

652

Christ’s Resurrection is the fulfillment of the promises

both of the Old Testament and of Jesus himself during his earthly

life.

522

The phrase “in accordance with the Scriptures”

523

indicates

that Christ’s Resurrection fulfilled these predictions.

653

The truth of Jesus’ divinity is confirmed by his Resurrec-

tion. He had said: “When you have lifted up the Son of man, then

you will know that I am he.”

524

The Resurrection of the crucified

one shows that he was truly “I Am,” the Son of God and God

himself. So St. Paul could declare to the Jews: “What God promised

to the fathers, this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising

Jesus; as also it is written in the second psalm, ‘You are my Son,

today I have begotten you.’”

525

Christ’s Resurrection is closely

linked to the Incarnation of God’s Son and is its fulfillment in

accordance with God’s eternal plan.

654

The Paschal mystery has two aspects: by his death, Christ

liberates us from sin; by his Resurrection, he opens for us the way

to a new life. This new life is above all justification that reinstates

520 St. Gregory of Nyssa,

In Christi res. orat.

1: PG 46:617B; cf. also DS 325;

359; 369.

521

1 Cor

15:14.

522 Cf.

Mt

28:6;

Mk

16:7;

Lk

24:6-7, 26-27, 44-48.

523 Cf.

1 Cor

15:3-4; cf. the Nicene Creed.

524

Jn

8:28.

525

Acts

13:32-34; cf.

Ps

2:7.

626

1005

129

274

994, 601

445

461, 422