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180

Part One

685

To believe in the Holy Spirit is to profess that the Holy

Spirit is one of the persons of the Holy Trinity, consubstantial with

the Father and the Son: “with the Father and the Son he is adored

and glorified.”

6

For this reason, the divine mystery of the

Holy Spirit was already treated in the context of Trinitarian “the-

ology.” Here, however, we have to do with the Holy Spirit only in

the divine “economy.”

686

The Holy Spirit is at work with the Father and the Son from

the beginning to the completion of the plan for our salvation. But

in these “end times,” ushered in by the Son’s redeeming Incarna-

tion, the Spirit is revealed and given, recognized and welcomed as

a person. Now can this divine plan, accomplished in Christ, the

firstborn and head of the new creation, be embodied in mankind

by the outpouring of the Spirit: as the Church, the communion of

saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the

life everlasting.

A

rticle

8

I BELIEVE IN THE HOLY SPIRIT

687

“No one comprehends the thoughts of God except the

Spirit of God.”

7

NowGod’s Spirit, who reveals God, makes known

to us Christ, his Word, his living Utterance, but the Spirit does not

speak of himself. The Spirit who “has spoken through the proph-

ets” makes us hear the Father’s Word, but we do not hear the Spirit

himself. We know him only in the movement by which he reveals

the Word to us and disposes us to welcome him in faith. The Spirit

of truth who “unveils” Christ to us “will not speak on his own.”

8

Such properly divine self-effacement explains why “the world

cannot receive [him], because it neither sees him nor knows him,”

while those who believe in Christ know the Spirit because he

dwells with them.

9

688

The Church, a communion living in the faith of the apos-

tles which she transmits, is the place where we know the Holy

Spirit:

— in the Scriptures he inspired;

6 Nicene Creed; see above, par. 465.

7

1 Cor

2:11.

8

Jn

16:13.

9

Jn

14:17.

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