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The Profession of Faith

183

693

Besides the proper name of “Holy Spirit,” which is most

frequently used in the

Acts of the Apostles

and in the Epistles, we

also find in St. Paul the titles: the Spirit of the promise,

21

the Spirit

of adoption,

22

the Spirit of Christ,

23

the Spirit of the Lord,

24

and the

Spirit of God

25

—and, in St. Peter, the Spirit of glory.

26

Symbols of the Holy Spirit

694

Water.

The symbolism of water signifies the Holy Spirit’s action

in Baptism, since after the invocation of the Holy Spirit it becomes the

efficacious sacramental sign of new birth: just as the gestation of our first

birth took place in water, so the water of Baptism truly signifies that our

birth into the divine life is given to us in the Holy Spirit. As “by one Spirit

we were all baptized,” so we are also “made to drink of one Spirit.”

27

Thus

the Spirit is also personally the living water welling up from Christ

crucified

28

as its source and welling up in us to eternal life.

29

695

Anointing.

The symbolism of anointing with oil also signifies the

Holy Spirit,

30

to the point of becoming a synonym for the Holy Spirit. In

Christian initiation, anointing is the sacramental sign of Confirmation,

called “chrismation” in the Churches of the East. Its full force can be

grasped only in relation to the primary anointing accomplished by the

Holy Spirit, that of Jesus. Christ (in Hebrew “

messiah

”) means the one

“anointed” by God’s Spirit. There were several anointed ones of the Lord

in the Old Covenant, pre-eminently King David.

31

But Jesus is God’s

Anointed in a unique way: the humanity the Son assumed was entirely

anointed by the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit established him as “Christ.”

32

The VirginMary conceived Christ by the Holy Spirit who, through the angel,

proclaimed him the Christ at his birth, and prompted Simeon to come to the

temple to see the Christ of the Lord.

33

The Spirit filled Christ and the power

of the Spirit went out from him in his acts of healing and of saving.

34

Finally,

it was the Spirit who raised Jesus from the dead.

35

Now, fully established as

“Christ” in his humanity victorious over death, Jesus pours out the Holy Spirit

abundantly until “the saints” constitute—in their union with the humanity of

the Son of God—that perfect man “to themeasure of the stature of the fullness

of Christ”:

36

“the whole Christ,” in St. Augustine’s expression.

21 Cf.

Gal

3:14;

Eph

1:13.

22

Rom

8:15;

Gal

4:6.

23

Rom

8:9.

24

2 Cor

3:17.

25

Rom

8:9, 14; 15:19;

1 Cor

6:11; 7:40.

26

1 Pet

4:14.

27

1 Cor

12:13.

28

Jn

19:34;

1 Jn

5:8.

29 Cf.

Jn

4:10-14; 7:38;

Ex

17:1-6;

Isa

55:1;

Zech

14:8;

1 Cor

10:4;

Rev

21:6;

22:17.

30 Cf.

1 Jn

2:20:27;

2 Cor

1:21.

31 Cf.

Ex

30:22-32;

1 Sam

16:13.

32 Cf.

Lk

4:18-19;

Isa

61:1.

33 Cf.

Lk

2:11, 26-27.

34 Cf.

Lk

4:1; 6:19; 8:46.

35 Cf.

Rom

1:4; 8:11.

36

Eph

4:13; cf.

Acts

2:36.

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