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186

Part One

III.

G

od

s

S

pirit and

W

ord

in

the

T

ime of

the

P

romises

702

From the beginning until “the fullness of time,”

60

the joint

mission of the Father’s Word and Spirit remains

hidden,

but it is at

work. God’s Spirit prepares for the time of the Messiah. Neither is

fully revealed but both are already promised, to be watched for and

welcomed at their manifestation. So, for this reason, when the

Church reads the Old Testament, she searches there for what the

Spirit, “who has spoken through the prophets,” wants to tell us

about Christ.

61

By “prophets” the faith of the Church here understands all whom

the Holy Spirit inspired in living proclamation and in the composition of

the sacred books, both of the Old and the New Testaments. Jewish tradi-

tion distinguishes first the Law (the five first books or Pentateuch), then

the Prophets (our historical and prophetic books) and finally the Writings

(especially the wisdom literature, in particular the Psalms).

62

In creation

703

The Word of God and his Breath are at the origin of the

being and life of every creature:

63

It belongs to the Holy Spirit to rule, sanctify, and animate

creation, for he is God, consubstantial with the Father and

the Son. . . . Power over life pertains to the Spirit, for being

God he preserves creation in the Father through the Son.

64

704

“God fashioned man with his own hands [that is, the Son

and the Holy Spirit] and impressed his own form on the flesh he

had fashioned, in such a way that even what was visible might bear

the divine form.”

65

The Spirit of the promise

705

Disfigured by sin and death, man remains “in the image of

God,” in the image of the Son, but is deprived “of the glory of

God,”

66

of his “likeness.” The promise made to Abraham inaugu-

rates the economy of salvation, at the culmination of which the Son

60

Gal

4:4.

61 Cf.

2 Cor

3:14;

Jn

5:39, 46.

62 Cf.

Lk

24:44.

63 Cf.

Pss

33:6; 104:30;

Gen

1:2; 2:7;

Eccl

3:20-21;

Ezek

37:10.

64 Byzantine liturgy, Sundays of the second mode,

Troparion

of Morning

Prayer.

65 St. Irenæus,

Dem ap.

11: SCh 62, 48-49.

66

Rom

3:23.

122

107

243

292

291

356

410

2809