a holy nation.”
But after David, Israel gave in to the temptation
of becoming a kingdom like other nations. The Kingdom, however,
the object of the promise made to David,
would be the work of
the Holy Spirit; it would belong to the poor according to the Spirit.
The forgetting of the Lawand the infidelity to the covenant
end in death: it is the Exile, apparently the failure of the promises,
which is in fact the mysterious fidelity of the Savior God and the
beginning of a promised restoration, but according to the Spirit.
The People of God had to suffer this purification.
In God’s plan,
the Exile already stands in the shadow of the Cross, and the
Remnant of the poor that returns from the Exile is one of the most
transparent prefigurations of the Church.
Expectation of the Messiah and his Spirit
“Behold, I am doing a new thing.”
Two prophetic lines
were to develop, one leading to the expectation of the Messiah, the
other pointing to the announcement of a new Spirit. They converge
in the small Remnant, the people of the poor, who await in hope
the “consolation of Israel” and “the redemption of Jerusalem.”
We have seen earlier how Jesus fulfills the prophecies concerning
himself. We limit ourselves here to those in which the relationship of the
Messiah and his Spirit appears more clearly.
The characteristics of the awaited
begin to appear
in the “Book of Emmanuel” (“Isaiah said this when he saw his
speaking of Christ), especially in the first two verses of
There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse,
and a branch shall grow out of his roots.
And the Spirit of the
shall rest upon him,
the spirit of wisdom and understanding,
the spirit of counsel and might,
the spirit of knowledge and the fear of the