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188

Part One

a holy nation.”

75

But after David, Israel gave in to the temptation

of becoming a kingdom like other nations. The Kingdom, however,

the object of the promise made to David,

76

would be the work of

the Holy Spirit; it would belong to the poor according to the Spirit.

710

The forgetting of the Lawand the infidelity to the covenant

end in death: it is the Exile, apparently the failure of the promises,

which is in fact the mysterious fidelity of the Savior God and the

beginning of a promised restoration, but according to the Spirit.

The People of God had to suffer this purification.

77

In God’s plan,

the Exile already stands in the shadow of the Cross, and the

Remnant of the poor that returns from the Exile is one of the most

transparent prefigurations of the Church.

Expectation of the Messiah and his Spirit

711

“Behold, I am doing a new thing.”

78

Two prophetic lines

were to develop, one leading to the expectation of the Messiah, the

other pointing to the announcement of a new Spirit. They converge

in the small Remnant, the people of the poor, who await in hope

the “consolation of Israel” and “the redemption of Jerusalem.”

79

We have seen earlier how Jesus fulfills the prophecies concerning

himself. We limit ourselves here to those in which the relationship of the

Messiah and his Spirit appears more clearly.

712

The characteristics of the awaited

Messiah

begin to appear

in the “Book of Emmanuel” (“Isaiah said this when he saw his

glory,”

80

speaking of Christ), especially in the first two verses of

Isaiah

11:

There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse,

and a branch shall grow out of his roots.

And the Spirit of the

Lord

shall rest upon him,

the spirit of wisdom and understanding,

the spirit of counsel and might,

the spirit of knowledge and the fear of the

Lord

.

81

75

Ex

19:5-6; Cf.

1 Pet

2:9.

76 Cf.

2 Sam

7;

Ps

89;

Lk

1:32-33.

77 Cf.

Lk

24:26.

78

Isa

43:19.

79 Cf.

Zeph

2:3;

Lk

2:25, 38.

80

Jn

12:41; cf

. Isa

6-12.

81

Isa

11:1-2.

64

522

439