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202

Part One

formed from the sleeping Adam’s side, so the Church was born

from the pierced heart of Christ hanging dead on the cross.

173

The Church—revealed by the Holy Spirit

767

“When the work which the Father gave the Son to do on

earth was accomplished, the Holy Spirit was sent on the day of

Pentecost in order that he might continually sanctify the

Church.”

174

Then “the Church was openly displayed to the crowds

and the spread of the Gospel among the nations, through preach-

ing, was begun.”

175

As the “convocation” of all men for salvation,

the Church in her very nature is missionary, sent by Christ to all

the nations to make disciples of them.

176

768

So that she can fulfill her mission, the Holy Spirit “bestows

upon [the Church] varied hierarchic and charismatic gifts, and in

this way directs her.”

177

“Henceforward the Church, endowed with

the gifts of her founder and faithfully observing his precepts of

charity, humilityandself-denial, receives themissionof proclaiming

and establishing among all peoples the Kingdomof Christ and of God,

and she is on earth the seed and the beginning of that kingdom.”

178

The Church—perfected in glory

769

“The Church . . . will receive its perfection only in the glory

of heaven,”

179

at the time of Christ’s glorious return. Until that day,

“the Church progresses on her pilgrimage amidst this world’s

persecutions and God’s consolations.”

180

Here below she knows

that she is in exile far from the Lord, and longs for the full coming

of the Kingdom, when she will “be united in glory with her

king.”

181

The Church, and through her the world, will not be

perfected in glory without great trials. Only then will “all the just

from the time ofAdam, ‘fromAbel, the just one, to the last of the elect,’

. . . be gathered together in the universal Church in the Father’s

presence.”

182

173 Cf. St. Ambrose,

In Luc.

2, 85-89: PL 15, 1666-1668.

174

LG

4; cf.

Jn

17:4.

175

AG

4.

176 Cf.

Mt

28:19-20;

AG

2; 5-6.

177

LG

4.

178

LG

5.

179

LG

48.

180 St. Augustine,

De civ. Dei,

18, 51: PL 41, 614; cf.

LG

8.

181

LG

5; cf. 6;

2 Cor

5:6.

182

LG

2.

731

849

541

671

,

2818

675

1045