The Profession of Faith
bride of the spotless Lamb.
“Christ loved the Church and gave
himself up for her, that he might sanctify her.”
He has joined her
with himself in an everlasting covenant and never stops caring for
her as for his own body:
This is the whole Christ, head and body, one formed from
many . . . whether the head or members speak, it is Christ
who speaks. He speaks in his role as the head (
) and in his role as body (
ex persona corporis
). What does
this mean? “The two will become one flesh. This is a great
mystery, and I am applying it to Christ and the Church.”
And the Lord himself says in the Gospel: “So they are no
longer two, but one flesh.”
They are, in fact, two different
persons, yet they are one in the conjugal union, . . .
he calls himself the bridegroom, as body, he calls himself
“What the soul is to the human body, the Holy Spirit is to
the Body of Christ, which is the Church.”
“To this Spirit of
Christ, as an invisible principle, is to be ascribed the fact that all the
parts of the body are joined one with the other and with their
exalted head; for the whole Spirit of Christ is in the head, the whole
Spirit is in the body, and the whole Spirit is in each of the mem-
The Holy Spirit makes the Church “the temple of the
Indeed, it is to the Church herself that the “Gift of God” has
been entrusted. . . . It is in her that communion with Christ
has been deposited, that is to say: the Holy Spirit, the pledge
of incorruptibility, the strengthening of our faith and the
ladder of our ascent to God. . . . For where the Church is,
there also is God’s Spirit; where God’s Spirit is, there is the
Church and every grace.
242 St. Augustine,
En. in Ps.
74:4: PL 36, 948-949.
243 St. Augustine,
267, 4: PL 38, 1231D.
244 Pius XII, encyclical,
246 St. Irenaeus,
3, 24, 1: PG 7/1, 966.