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The Profession of Faith

211

bride of the spotless Lamb.

237

“Christ loved the Church and gave

himself up for her, that he might sanctify her.”

238

He has joined her

with himself in an everlasting covenant and never stops caring for

her as for his own body:

239

This is the whole Christ, head and body, one formed from

many . . . whether the head or members speak, it is Christ

who speaks. He speaks in his role as the head (

ex persona

capitis

) and in his role as body (

ex persona corporis

). What does

this mean? “The two will become one flesh. This is a great

mystery, and I am applying it to Christ and the Church.”

240

And the Lord himself says in the Gospel: “So they are no

longer two, but one flesh.”

241

They are, in fact, two different

persons, yet they are one in the conjugal union, . . .

as head,

he calls himself the bridegroom, as body, he calls himself

“bride.”

242

III.

T

he

C

hurch

I

s

the

T

emple of

the

H

oly

S

pirit

797

“What the soul is to the human body, the Holy Spirit is to

the Body of Christ, which is the Church.”

243

“To this Spirit of

Christ, as an invisible principle, is to be ascribed the fact that all the

parts of the body are joined one with the other and with their

exalted head; for the whole Spirit of Christ is in the head, the whole

Spirit is in the body, and the whole Spirit is in each of the mem-

bers.”

244

The Holy Spirit makes the Church “the temple of the

living God”:

245

Indeed, it is to the Church herself that the “Gift of God” has

been entrusted. . . . It is in her that communion with Christ

has been deposited, that is to say: the Holy Spirit, the pledge

of incorruptibility, the strengthening of our faith and the

ladder of our ascent to God. . . . For where the Church is,

there also is God’s Spirit; where God’s Spirit is, there is the

Church and every grace.

246

237 Cf.

Rev

22:17;

Eph

1:4, 5:27.

238

Eph

5:25-26.

239 Cf.

Eph

5:29.

240

Eph

5:31-32.

241

Mt

19:6.

242 St. Augustine,

En. in Ps.

74:4: PL 36, 948-949.

243 St. Augustine,

Sermo

267, 4: PL 38, 1231D.

244 Pius XII, encyclical,

Mystici Corporis:

DS 3808.

245

2 Cor

6:16; cf.

1 Cor

3:16-17;

Eph

2:21.

246 St. Irenaeus,

Adv. haeres.

3, 24, 1: PG 7/1, 966.

1602

1616

813

586