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222

Part One

Who belongs to the Catholic Church?

836

“All men are called to this catholic unity of the People of

God. . . . And to it, in different ways, belong or are ordered: the

Catholic faithful, others who believe in Christ, and finally all

mankind, called by God’s grace to salvation.”

320

837

“Fully incorporated into the society of the Church are

those who, possessing the Spirit of Christ, accept all the means of

salvation given to the Church together with her entire organiza-

tion, and who—by the bonds constituted by the profession of faith,

the sacraments, ecclesiastical government, and communion—are

joined in the visible structure of the Church of Christ, who rules

her through the Supreme Pontiff and the bishops. Even though

incorporated into the Church, one who does not however perse-

vere in charity is not saved. He remains indeed in the bosom of the

Church, but ‘in body’ not ‘in heart.’”

321

838

“The Church knows that she is joined in many ways to the

baptized who are honored by the name of Christian, but do not

profess the Catholic faith in its entirety or have not preserved unity

or communion under the successor of Peter.”

322

Those “who be-

lieve in Christ and have been properly baptized are put in a certain,

although imperfect, communion with the Catholic Church.”

323

With the Orthodox Churches,

this communion is so profound “that

it lacks little to attain the fullness that would permit a common

celebration of the Lord’s Eucharist.”

324

The Church and non-Christians

839

“Those who have not yet received the Gospel are related

to the People of God in various ways.”

325

The relationship of the Church with the Jewish People.

When

she delves into her own mystery, the Church, the People of God in

the New Covenant, discovers her link with the Jewish People,

326

“to whom the Lord our God spoke first.”

327

The Jewish faith, unlike

other non-Christian religions, is already a response to God’s reve-

320

LG

13.

321

LG

14.

322

LG

15.

323

UR

3.

324 Paul VI, Discourse, December 14, 1975; cf.

UR

13-18.

325

LG

16.

326 Cf.

NA

4.

327

Roman Missal,

Good Friday 13: General Intercessions, VI.

831

771

815

882

818

1271

1399

856

63

147