proposes a doctrine “for belief as being divinely revealed,”
as the teaching of Christ, the definitions “must be adhered to with
the obedience of faith.”
This infallibility extends as far as the
deposit of divine Revelation itself.
Divine assistance is also given to the successors of the
apostles, teaching in communion with the successor of Peter, and,
in a particular way, to the bishop of Rome, pastor of the whole
Church, when, without arriving at an infallible definition and
without pronouncing in a “definitive manner,” they propose in the
exercise of the ordinary Magisterium a teaching that leads to better
understanding of Revelation in matters of faith and morals. To this
ordinary teaching the faithful “are to adhere to it with religious
which, though distinct from the assent of faith, is none-
theless an extension of it.
The sanctifying office
The bishop is “the steward of the grace of the supreme
especially in the Eucharist which he offers person-
ally or whose offering he assures through the priests, his co-work-
ers. The Eucharist is the center of the life of the particular Church.
The bishop and priests sanctify the Church by their prayer and
work, by their ministry of the word and of the sacraments. They
sanctify her by their example, “not as domineering over those in
your charge but being examples to the flock.”
with the flock entrusted to them, they may attain to eternal life.”
The governing office
“The bishops, as vicars and legates of Christ, govern the
particular Churches assigned to them by their counsels, exhorta-
tions, and example, but over and above that also by the authority
and sacred power” which indeed they ought to exercise so as to
edify, in the spirit of service which is that of their Master.
10 § 2.
25 § 2.
26 § 3.