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284

Part Two

of the Church is that we may live from the life of the risen Christ.

When the Spirit encounters in us the response of faith which he has

aroused in us, he brings about genuine cooperation. Through it, the

liturgy becomes the commonwork of theHoly Spirit and theChurch.

1092

In this sacramental dispensation of Christ’s mystery the

Holy Spirit acts in the same way as at other times in the economy

of salvation: he prepares the Church to encounter her Lord; he

recalls and makes Christ manifest to the faith of the assembly. By

his transforming power, he makes the mystery of Christ present

here and now. Finally the Spirit of communion unites the Church

to the life and mission of Christ.

The Holy Spirit prepares for the reception of Christ

1093

In the sacramental economy the Holy Spirit fulfills what

was prefigured in

the Old Covenant.

Since Christ’s Church was

“prepared in marvellous fashion in the history of the people of

Israel and in the Old Covenant,”

14

the Church’s liturgy has re-

tained certain elements of the worship of the Old Covenant as

integral and irreplaceable, adopting them as her own:

— notably, reading the Old Testament;

— praying the Psalms;

— above all, recalling the saving events and significant realities which

have found their fulfillment in the mystery of Christ (promise and

covenant, Exodus andPassover, kingdomand temple, exileandreturn).

1094

It is on this harmony of the two Testaments that the Paschal

catechesis of the Lord is built,

15

and then, that of the Apostles and

theFathers of theChurch. This catechesisunveilswhat layhiddenunder

the letter of the Old Testament: the mystery of Christ. It is called

“typological” because it reveals the newness of Christ on the basis of

the “figures” (types) which announce him in the deeds, words, and

symbols of the first covenant. By this re-reading in the Spirit of Truth,

starting from Christ, the figures are unveiled.

16

Thus the flood and

Noah’s ark prefigured salvation by Baptism,

17

as did the cloud and

the crossing of the Red Sea. Water from the rock was the figure of the

spiritual gifts of Christ, and manna in the desert prefigured the

Eucharist, “the true bread from heaven.”

18

14

LG

2.

15 Cf.

DV

14-16;

Lk

24:13-49.

16 Cf.

2 Cor

3:14-16.

17 Cf.

1 Pet

3:21.

18

Jn

6:32; cf.

1 Cor

10:1-6.

737

762

121

2585

1081

128-130