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The Celebration of the Christian Mystery

289

A

rticle

2

THE PASCHAL MYSTERY IN THE CHURCH’S

SACRAMENTS

1113

The whole liturgical life of the Church revolves around the

Eucharisticsacrificeandthesacraments.

29

Therearesevensacraments

in the Church: Baptism, Confirmation or Chrismation, Eucharist,

Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony.

30

This

articlewill discusswhat is common to theChurch’s seven sacraments

from a doctrinal point of view. What is common to them in terms of

their celebration will be presented in the second chapter, and what is

distinctive about each will be the topic of

Section Two.

I.

T

he

S

acraments of

C

hrist

1114

“Adhering to the teaching of the Holy Scriptures, to the

apostolic traditions, and to the consensus . . . of the Fathers,” we

profess that “the sacraments of the new law were . . . all instituted

by Jesus Christ our Lord.”

31

1115

Jesus’ words and actions during his hidden life and public

ministry were already salvific, for they anticipated the power of his

Paschal mystery. They announced and prepared what he was going

to give the Church when all was accomplished. The mysteries of

Christ’s life are the foundations ofwhat hewouldhenceforthdispense

in the sacraments, through theministers of his Church, for “what was

visible in our Savior has passed over into his mysteries.”

32

1116

Sacraments are “powers that comes forth” from the Body

of Christ,

33

which is ever-living and life-giving. They are actions

of the Holy Spirit at work in his Body, the Church. They are “the

masterworks of God” in the new and everlasting covenant.

II.

T

he

S

acraments of

the

C

hurch

1117

As she has done for the canon of Sacred Scripture and for

the doctrine of the faith, the Church, by the power of the Spirit who

guides her “into all truth,” has gradually recognized this treasure

29 Cf.

SC

6.

30 Cf. Council of Lyons II (1274) DS 860; Council of Florence (1439): DS 1310;

Council of Trent (1547): DS 1601.

31 Council of Trent (1547): DS 1600-1601.

32 St. Leo the Great,

Sermo.

74, 2: PL 54, 398.

33 Cf.

Lk

5:17; 6:19; 8:46.

1210

512-560

1504

774

120