The catechesis of the liturgy entails first of all an under-
standing of the sacramental economy (Chapter One). In this light,
the innovation of its
is revealed. This chapter will there-
fore treat of the celebration of the sacraments of the Church. It will
consider that which, through the diversity of liturgical traditions,
is common to the celebration of the seven sacraments. What is
proper to each will be treated later. This fundamental catechesis on
the sacramental celebrations responds to the first questions posed
by the faithful regarding this subject:
—Who celebrates the liturgy?
— How is the liturgy celebrated?
—When is the liturgy celebrated?
—Where is the liturgy celebrated?
CELEBRATING THE CHURCH’S LITURGY
Liturgy is an “action” of the
Those who even now celebrate it without signs are already in the
heavenly liturgy, where celebration is wholly communion and feast.
The celebrants of the heavenly liturgy
The book of
of St. John, read in the Church’s
liturgy, first reveals to us, “A throne stood in heaven, with one
seated on the throne”: “the Lord God.”
It then shows the Lamb,
“standing, as though it had been slain”: Christ crucified and risen,
the one high priest of the true sanctuary, the same one “who offers
and is offered, who gives and is given.”
Finally it presents “the
river of the water of life . . . flowing from the throne of God and of
the Lamb,” one of most beautiful symbols of the Holy Spirit.
Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom,
22:1; cf. 21:6;