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296

Part Two

race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a redeemed people,”

have a right and an obligation by reason of their Baptism.

11

1142

But “the members do not all have the same function.”

12

Certain members are called by God, in and through the Church, to

a special service of the community. These servants are chosen and

consecrated by the sacrament of Holy Orders, by which the Holy

Spirit enables them to act in the person of Christ the head, for the

service of all the members of the Church.

13

The ordained minister

is, as it were, an “icon” of Christ the priest. Since it is in the

Eucharist that the sacrament of the Church is made fully visible, it

is in his presiding at the Eucharist that the bishop’s ministry is most

evident, as well as, in communion with him, the ministry of priests

and deacons.

1143

For the purpose of assisting the work of the common

priesthood of the faithful, other

particular ministries

also exist, not

consecrated by the sacrament of Holy Orders; their functions are

determined by the bishops, in accord with liturgical traditions and

pastoral needs. “Servers, readers, commentators, and members of

the choir also exercise a genuine liturgical function.”

14

1144

In the celebration of the sacraments it is thus the whole

assembly that is

leitourgos,

each according to his function, but in

the “unity of the Spirit” who acts in all. “In liturgical celebrations

each person, minister or layman, who has an office to perform,

should carry out

all

and

only

those parts which pertain to his office

by the nature of the rite and the norms of the liturgy.”

15

II.

H

ow

I

s

the

L

iturgy

C

elebrated

?

Signs and symbols

1145

A sacramental celebration is woven from signs and sym-

bols. In keeping with the divine pedagogy of salvation, their mean-

ing is rooted in the work of creation and in human culture,

specified by the events of the Old Covenant and fully revealed in

the person and work of Christ.

11

SC

14; cf.

1 Pet

2:9; 2:4-5.

12

Rom

12:4.

13 Cf.

PO

2; 15.

14

SC

29.

15

SC

28.

1268

1549

1561

903

1672

1333-1340

53