Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  32 / 904 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 32 / 904 Next Page
Page Background

32

Part One

III.

T

he

H

oly

S

pirit

, I

nterpreter of

S

cripture

109

In Sacred Scripture, God speaks to man in a human way.

To interpret Scripture correctly, the reader must be attentive to

what the human authors truly wanted to affirm and to what God

wanted to reveal to us by their words.

75

110

In order to discover

the sacred authors’ intention,

the reader

must take into account the conditions of their time and culture, the

literary genres in use at that time, and the modes of feeling,

speaking, and narrating then current. “For the fact is that truth is

differently presented and expressed in the various types of histori­

cal writing, in prophetical and poetical texts, and in other forms of

literary expression.”

76

111

But since Sacred Scripture is inspired, there is another and

no less important principle of correct interpretation, without which

Scripture would remain a dead letter. “Sacred Scripture must be

read and interpreted in the light of the same Spirit by whom it was

written.”

77

The Second Vatican Council indicates three criteria for

interpreting Scripture in accordance with the Spirit who inspired

it.

78

112

1.

Be especially attentive

to the content and unity of the whole

Scripture.

” Different as the books which comprise it may be, Scrip-

ture is a unity by reason of the unity of God’s plan, of which Christ

Jesus is the center and heart, open since his Passover.

79

The phrase “heart of Christ” can refer to Sacred Scripture,

which makes known his heart, closed before the Passion, as

the Scripture was obscure. But the Scripture has been opened

since the Passion; since those who from then on have under­

stood it, consider and discern in what way the prophecies

must be interpreted.

80

113

2.

Read the Scripture within

the living Tradition of the whole

Church.

” According to a saying of the Fathers, Sacred Scripture is

written principally in the Church’s heart rather than in documents

and records, for the Church carries in her Tradition the living

memorial of God’s Word, and it is the Holy Spirit who gives her

75 Cf.

DV

12 § 1.

76

DV

12 § 2.

77

DV

12 § 3.

78 Cf.

DV

12 § 4.

79 Cf.

Lk

24:25-27, 44-46.

80 St. Thomas Aquinas,

Expos. in Ps

21,11; cf.

Ps

22:15.

128

368

81