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322

Part Two

been reborn nothing remains that would impede their entry into

the Kingdom of God, neither Adam’s sin, nor personal sin, nor the

consequences of sin, the gravest of which is separation from God.

1264

Yet certain temporal consequences of sin remain in the

baptized, such as suffering, illness, death, and such frailties inher-

ent in life as weaknesses of character, and so on, as well as an

inclination to sin that Tradition calls

concupiscence,

or metaphori-

cally, “the tinder for sin” (

fomes peccati

); since concupiscence “is left

for us to wrestle with, it cannot harm those who do not consent but

manfully resist it by the grace of Jesus Christ.”

67

Indeed, “an athlete

is not crowned unless he competes according to the rules.”

68

“A new creature”

1265

Baptism not only purifies from all sins, but also makes the

neophyte “a new creature,” an adopted son of God, who has

become a “partaker of the divine nature,”

69

member of Christ and

co-heir with him,

70

and a temple of the Holy Spirit.

71

1266

The Most Holy Trinity gives the baptized sanctifying

grace, the grace of

justification:

— enabling them to believe in God, to hope in him, and to love him

through the theological virtues;

—giving them the power to live and act under the prompting of the

Holy Spirit through the gifts of the Holy Spirit;

— allowing them to grow in goodness through the moral virtues.

Thus the whole organism of the Christian’s supernatural life has

its roots in Baptism.

Incorporated into the Church, the Body of Christ

1267

Baptismmakes us members of the Body of Christ: “There-

fore . . . we are members one of another.”

72

Baptism incorporates

us

into the Church.

From the baptismal fonts is born the one People

of God of the New Covenant, which transcends all the natural or

human limits of nations, cultures, races, and sexes: “For by one

Spirit we were all baptized into one body.”

73

67 Council of Trent (1546): DS 1515.

68

2 Tim

2:5.

69

2 Cor

5:17;

2 Pet

1:4; cf.

Gal

4:5-7.

70 Cf.

1 Cor

6:15; 12:27;

Rom

8:17.

71 Cf.

1 Cor

6:19.

72

Eph

4:25.

73

1 Cor

12:13.

975, 2514

1426

405

505

460

1992

1812

1831

1810

782