been reborn nothing remains that would impede their entry into
the Kingdom of God, neither Adam’s sin, nor personal sin, nor the
consequences of sin, the gravest of which is separation from God.
Yet certain temporal consequences of sin remain in the
baptized, such as suffering, illness, death, and such frailties inher-
ent in life as weaknesses of character, and so on, as well as an
inclination to sin that Tradition calls
cally, “the tinder for sin” (
); since concupiscence “is left
for us to wrestle with, it cannot harm those who do not consent but
manfully resist it by the grace of Jesus Christ.”
Indeed, “an athlete
is not crowned unless he competes according to the rules.”
“A new creature”
Baptism not only purifies from all sins, but also makes the
neophyte “a new creature,” an adopted son of God, who has
become a “partaker of the divine nature,”
member of Christ and
co-heir with him,
and a temple of the Holy Spirit.
The Most Holy Trinity gives the baptized sanctifying
grace, the grace of
— enabling them to believe in God, to hope in him, and to love him
through the theological virtues;
—giving them the power to live and act under the prompting of the
Holy Spirit through the gifts of the Holy Spirit;
— allowing them to grow in goodness through the moral virtues.
Thus the whole organism of the Christian’s supernatural life has
its roots in Baptism.
Incorporated into the Church, the Body of Christ
Baptismmakes us members of the Body of Christ: “There-
fore . . . we are members one of another.”
into the Church.
From the baptismal fonts is born the one People
of God of the New Covenant, which transcends all the natural or
human limits of nations, cultures, races, and sexes: “For by one
Spirit we were all baptized into one body.”
67 Council of Trent (1546): DS 1515.