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The Celebration of the Christian Mystery

335

II.

W

hat

I

s

T

his

S

acrament

C

alled

?

1328

The inexhaustible richness of this sacrament is expressed

in the different names we give it. Each name evokes certain aspects

of it. It is called:

Eucharist, because it is an action of thanksgiving to God.

The Greek words

eucharistein

141

and

eulogein

142

recall the Jewish

blessings that proclaim—especially during a meal—God’s works:

creation, redemption, and sanctification.

1329

The Lord’s Supper, because of its connection with the

supper which the Lord took with his disciples on the eve of his

Passion and because it anticipates the wedding feast of the Lamb

in the heavenly Jerusalem.

143

The

Breaking of Bread,

because Jesus used this rite, part of

a Jewish meal, when as master of the table he blessed and distrib-

uted the bread,

144

above all at the Last Supper.

145

It is by this action

that his disciples will recognize him after his Resurrection,

146

and

it is this expression that the first Christians will use to designate

their Eucharistic assemblies;

147

by doing so they signified that all

who eat the one broken bread, Christ, enter into communion with

him and form but one body in him.

148

The

Eucharistic assembly

(

synaxis

), because the Eucharist is

celebrated amid the assembly of the faithful, the visible expres-

sion of the Church.

149

1330

The

memorial

of the Lord’s Passion and Resurrection.

The

Holy Sacrifice,

because it makes present the one sacri-

fice of Christ the Savior and includes the Church’s offering. The

terms

holy sacrifice of the Mass,

sacrifice of praise,

spiritual sacrifice,

pure and holy sacrifice

are also used,

150

since it completes and

surpasses all the sacrifices of the Old Covenant.

The

Holy and Divine Liturgy,

because the Church’s whole

liturgy finds its center and most intense expression in the celebra-

tion of this sacrament; in the same sense we also call its celebration

the

Sacred Mysteries.

We speak of the

Most Blessed Sacrament

because

141 Cf.

Lk

22:19;

1 Cor

11:24.

142 Cf.

Mt

26:26;

Mk

14:22.

143 Cf.

1 Cor

11:20;

Rev

19:9.

144 Cf.

Mt

14:19; 15:36;

Mk

8:6, 19.

145 Cf.

Mt

26:26;

1 Cor

11:24.

146 Cf.

Lk

24:13-35.

147 Cf.

Acts

2:42, 46; 20:7, 11.

148 Cf.

1 Cor

10:16-17.

149 Cf.

1 Cor

11:17-34.

150

Heb

13:15; cf.

1 Pet

2:5;

Ps

116:13, 17;

Mal

1:11.

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1082

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790

1348

1341

614

,

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