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356

Part Two

1413

By the consecration the transubstantiation of the bread

and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ is brought

about. Under the consecrated species of bread and

wine Christ himself, living and glorious, is present in

a true, real, and substantial manner: his Body and his

Blood, with his soul and his divinity (cf. Council of

Trent: DS 1640; 1651).

1414

As sacrifice, the Eucharist is also offered in reparation

for the sins of the living and the dead and to obtain

spiritual or temporal benefits from God.

1415

Anyone who desires to receive Christ in Eucharistic

communion must be in the state of grace. Anyone

aware of having sinned mortally must not receive

communion without having received absolution in

the sacrament of penance.

1416

Communion with the Body and Blood of Christ in-

creases the communicant’s union with the Lord, for-

gives his venial sins, and preserves him from grave

sins. Since receiving this sacrament strengthens the

bonds of charity between the communicant and

Christ, it also reinforces the unity of the Church as the

Mystical Body of Christ.

1417

The Church warmly recommends that the faithful

receive Holy Communion when they participate in the

celebration of the Eucharist; she obliges them to do so

at least once a year.

1418

Because Christ himself is present in the sacrament of

the altar, he is to be honored with the worship of

adoration. “To visit the Blessed Sacrament is . . . a proof

of gratitude, an expression of love, and a duty of

adoration toward Christ our Lord” (Paul VI,

MF

66).

1419

Having passed from this world to the Father, Christ

gives us in the Eucharist the pledge of glory with him.

Participation in the Holy Sacrifice identifies us with his

Heart, sustains our strength along the pilgrimage of

this life, makes us long for eternal life, and unites us

even now to the Church in heaven, the Blessed Virgin

Mary, and all the saints.