“Is any among you sick? Let himcall for the presbyters
of the Church, and let them pray over him, anointing
him with oil in the name of the Lord; and the prayer
of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord will raise
him up; and if he has committed sins, he will be
The sacrament of Anointing of the Sick has as its
purpose the conferral of a special grace on the Chris-
tian experiencing the difficulties inherent in the condi
tion of grave illness or old age.
The proper time for receiving this holy anointing has
certainly arrived when the believer begins to be in
danger of death because of illness or old age.
Each time a Christian falls seriously ill, he may receive
the Anointing of the Sick, and also when, after he has
received it, the illness worsens.
Only priests (presbyters and bishops) can give the
sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, using oil
blessed by the bishop, or if necessary by the celebrat-
ing presbyter himself.
The celebration of the Anointing of the Sick consists
essentially in the anointing of the forehead and hands
of the sick person (in the Roman Rite) or of other parts
of the body (in the Eastern rite), the anointing being
accompanied by the liturgical prayer of the celebrant
asking for the special grace of this sacrament.
The special grace of the sacrament of the Anointing of
the Sick has as its effects:
the uniting of the sick person to the passion of Christ,
for his own good and that of the whole Church;
the strengthening, peace, and courage to endure in a
Christian manner the sufferings of illness or old age;
the forgiveness of sins, if the sick person was not able
to obtain it through the sacrament of Penance;
the restoration of health, if it is conducive to the
salvation of his soul;
the preparation for passing over to eternal life.