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382

Part Two

IN BRIEF

1526

“Is any among you sick? Let himcall for the presbyters

of the Church, and let them pray over him, anointing

him with oil in the name of the Lord; and the prayer

of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord will raise

him up; and if he has committed sins, he will be

forgiven” (

Jas

5:14-15).

1527

The sacrament of Anointing of the Sick has as its

purpose the conferral of a special grace on the Chris-

tian experiencing the difficulties inherent in the condi­

tion of grave illness or old age.

1528

The proper time for receiving this holy anointing has

certainly arrived when the believer begins to be in

danger of death because of illness or old age.

1529

Each time a Christian falls seriously ill, he may receive

the Anointing of the Sick, and also when, after he has

received it, the illness worsens.

1530

Only priests (presbyters and bishops) can give the

sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, using oil

blessed by the bishop, or if necessary by the celebrat-

ing presbyter himself.

1531

The celebration of the Anointing of the Sick consists

essentially in the anointing of the forehead and hands

of the sick person (in the Roman Rite) or of other parts

of the body (in the Eastern rite), the anointing being

accompanied by the liturgical prayer of the celebrant

asking for the special grace of this sacrament.

1532

The special grace of the sacrament of the Anointing of

the Sick has as its effects:

the uniting of the sick person to the passion of Christ,

for his own good and that of the whole Church;

the strengthening, peace, and courage to endure in a

Christian manner the sufferings of illness or old age;

the forgiveness of sins, if the sick person was not able

to obtain it through the sacrament of Penance;

the restoration of health, if it is conducive to the

salvation of his soul;

the preparation for passing over to eternal life.