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390

Part Two

1559

“One is constituted a member of the episcopal body in

virtue of the sacramental consecration and by the hierarchical

communion with the head and members of the college.”

39

The

character and

collegial nature

of the episcopal order are evidenced

among other ways by the Church’s ancient practice which calls for

several bishops to participate in the consecration of a newbishop.

40

In our day, the lawful ordination of a bishop requires a special

intervention of the Bishop of Rome, because he is the supreme

visible bond of the communion of the particular Churches in the

one Church and the guarantor of their freedom.

1560

As Christ’s vicar, each bishop has the pastoral care of the

particular Church entrusted to him, but at the same time he bears

collegially with all his brothers in the episcopacy the

solicitude for

all the Churches:

“Though each bishop is the lawful pastor only of

the portion of the flock entrusted to his care, as a legitimate succes­

sor of the apostles he is, by divine institution and precept, respon-

sible with the other bishops for the apostolic mission of the

Church.”

41

1561

The above considerations explain why the Eucharist cele-

brated by the bishop has a quite special significance as an expres-

sion of the Church gathered around the altar, with the one who

represents Christ, the Good Shepherd and Head of his Church,

presiding.

42

The ordination of priests—co-workers of the bishops

1562

“Christ, whom the Father hallowed and sent into the

world, has, through his apostles, made their successors, the bish-

ops namely, sharers in his consecration and mission; and these, in

their turn, duly entrusted in varying degrees various members of

the Church with the office of their ministry.”

43

“The function of the

bishops’ ministry was handed over in a subordinate degree to

priests so that they might be appointed in the order of the priest-

hood and be

co-workers of the episcopal order

for the proper fulfillment

of the apostolic mission that had been entrusted to it by Christ.”

44

39

LG

22.

40 Cf.

LG

22.

41 Pius XII,

Fidei donum:

AAS 49 (1957) 237; cf.

LG

23;

CD

4; 36; 37;

AG

5; 6; 38.

42 Cf.

SC

41;

LG

26.

43

LG

28;

Jn

10:36.

44

PO

2 § 2.

877

882

833

886

1369