The Celebration of the Christian Mystery
“From a valid marriage arises
between the spouses
which by its very nature is perpetual and exclusive; furthermore, in a
Christian marriage the spouses are strengthened and, as it were,
consecrated for the duties and the dignity of their state
by a special
The marriage bond
The consent by which the spouses mutually give and
receive one another is sealed by God himself.
From their cove
nant arises “an institution, confirmed by the divine law, . . . even
in the eyes of society.”
The covenant between the spouses is
integrated into God’s covenant with man: “Authentic married love
is caught up into divine love.”
the marriage bond
has been established by God himself
in such a way that a marriage concluded and consummated be-
tween baptized persons can never be dissolved. This bond, which
results from the free human act of the spouses and their consum-
mation of the marriage, is a reality, henceforth irrevocable, and
gives rise to a covenant guaranteed by God’s fidelity. The Church
does not have the power to contravene this disposition of divine
The grace of the sacrament of Matrimony
“By reason of their state in life and of their order, [Christian
spouses] have their own special gifts in the People of God.”
grace proper to the sacrament of Matrimony is intended to perfect
the couple’s love and to strengthen their indissoluble unity. By this
grace they “help one another to attain holiness in their married life
and in welcoming and educating their children.”
Christ is the source of this grace.
“Just as of old God encoun-
tered his people with a covenant of love and fidelity, so our Savior,
the spouse of the Church, now encounters Christian spouses
through the sacrament of Matrimony.”
Christ dwells with them,
142 Cf. CIC, can. 1134.
48 § 1.
48 § 2.
146 Cf. CIC, can. 1141.
11 § 2.
11 § 2; cf.
48 § 2.