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The Celebration of the Christian Mystery

409

IV.

T

he

E

ffects of

the

S

acrament of

M

atrimony

1638

“From a valid marriage arises

a bond

between the spouses

which by its very nature is perpetual and exclusive; furthermore, in a

Christian marriage the spouses are strengthened and, as it were,

consecrated for the duties and the dignity of their state

by a special

sacrament.

142

The marriage bond

1639

The consent by which the spouses mutually give and

receive one another is sealed by God himself.

143

From their cove­

nant arises “an institution, confirmed by the divine law, . . . even

in the eyes of society.”

144

The covenant between the spouses is

integrated into God’s covenant with man: “Authentic married love

is caught up into divine love.”

145

1640

Thus

the marriage bond

has been established by God himself

in such a way that a marriage concluded and consummated be-

tween baptized persons can never be dissolved. This bond, which

results from the free human act of the spouses and their consum-

mation of the marriage, is a reality, henceforth irrevocable, and

gives rise to a covenant guaranteed by God’s fidelity. The Church

does not have the power to contravene this disposition of divine

wisdom.

146

The grace of the sacrament of Matrimony

1641

“By reason of their state in life and of their order, [Christian

spouses] have their own special gifts in the People of God.”

147

This

grace proper to the sacrament of Matrimony is intended to perfect

the couple’s love and to strengthen their indissoluble unity. By this

grace they “help one another to attain holiness in their married life

and in welcoming and educating their children.”

148

1642

Christ is the source of this grace.

“Just as of old God encoun-

tered his people with a covenant of love and fidelity, so our Savior,

the spouse of the Church, now encounters Christian spouses

through the sacrament of Matrimony.”

149

Christ dwells with them,

142 Cf. CIC, can. 1134.

143 Cf.

Mk

10:9.

144

GS

48 § 1.

145

GS

48 § 2.

146 Cf. CIC, can. 1141.

147

LG

11 § 2.

148

LG

11 § 2; cf.

LG

41.

149

GS

48 § 2.

2365

1615

796