Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  451 / 904 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 451 / 904 Next Page
Page Background

Life in Christ

451

1832

The

fruits

of the Spirit are perfections that the Holy Spirit

forms in us as the first fruits of eternal glory. The tradition of the

Church lists twelve of them: “charity, joy, peace, patience, kind-

ness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-

control, chastity.”

112

IN BRIEF

1833

Virtue is a habitual and firm disposition to do good.

1834

The human virtues are stable dispositions of the intel-

lect and the will that govern our acts, order our pas­

sions, and guide our conduct in accordance with

reason and faith. They can be grouped around the

four cardinal virtues: prudence, justice, fortitude, and

temperance.

1835

Prudence disposes the practical reason to discern, in

every circumstance, our true good and to choose the

right means for achieving it.

1836

Justice consists in the firm and constant will to give

God and neighbor their due.

1837

Fortitude ensures firmness in difficulties and con-

stancy in the pursuit of the good.

1838

Temperance moderates the attraction of the pleasures

of the senses and provides balance in the use of creat-

ed goods.

1839

The moral virtues grow through education, deliber-

ate acts, and perseverance in struggle. Divine grace

purifies and elevates them.

1840

The theological virtues dispose Christians to live in a

relationship with the Holy Trinity. They have God for

their origin, their motive, and their object—God

known by faith, God hoped in and loved for his own

sake.

1841

There are three theological virtues: faith, hope, and

charity. They inform all the moral virtues and give life

to them.

112

Gal

5:22-23 (Vulg.).

736