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458

Part Three

IN BRIEF

1870

“God has consigned all men to disobedience, that he

may have mercy upon all” (

Rom

11:32).

1871

Sin is an utterance, a deed, or a desire contrary to the

eternal law (St. Augustine,

Faust

22: PL 42, 418). It is

an offense against God. It rises up against God in a

disobedience contrary to the obedience of Christ.

1872

Sin is an act contrary to reason. It wounds man’s

nature and injures human solidarity.

1873

The root of all sins lies in man’s heart. The kinds and

the gravity of sins are determined principally by their

objects.

1874

To choose deliberately—that is, both knowing it and

willing it—something gravely contrary to the divine

law and to the ultimate end of man is to commit a

mortal sin. This destroys in us the charity without

which eternal beatitude is impossible. Unrepented, it

brings eternal death.

1875

Venial sin constitutes a moral disorder that is repara-

ble by charity, which it allows to subsist in us.

1876

The repetition of sins—even venial ones—engenders

vices, among which are the capital sins.