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466

Part Three

1911

Human interdependence is increasing and gradually

spreading throughout the world. The unity of the human family,

embracing people who enjoy equal natural dignity, implies a

uni-

versal common good

. This good calls for an organization of the com­

munity of nations able to “provide for the different needs of men;

this will involve the sphere of social life to which belong questions

of food, hygiene, education, . . . and certain situations arising here

and there, as for example . . . alleviating the miseries of refugees

dispersed throughout the world, and assisting migrants and their

families.”

29

1912

The common good is always oriented towards the pro­

gress of persons: “The order of things must be subordinate to the

order of persons, and not the other way around.”

30

This order is

founded on truth, built up in justice, and animated by love.

III.

R

esponsibility and

P

articipation

1913

“Participation” is the voluntary and generous engagement

of a person in social interchange. It is necessary that all participate,

each according to his position and role, in promoting the common

good. This obligation is inherent in the dignity of the human

person.

1914

Participation is achieved first of all by taking charge of the

areas for which one assumes

personal responsibility:

by the care

taken for the education of his family, by conscientious work, and

so forth, man participates in the good of others and of society.

31

1915

As far as possible citizens should take an active part in

public life.

The manner of this participation may vary from one

country or culture to another. “One must pay tribute to those

nations whose systems permit the largest possible number of the

citizens to take part in public life in a climate of genuine

freedom.”

32

29

GS

84 § 2.

30

GS

26 § 3.

31 Cf.

CA

43.

32

GS

31 § 3.

2438

1881

1734

2239