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468

Part Three

individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and

more easily” (

GS

26 § 1).

1925

The common good consists of three essential ele­

ments: respect for and promotion of the fundamental

rights of the person; prosperity, or the development of

the spiritual and temporal goods of society; the peace

and security of the group and of its members.

1926

The dignity of the human person requires the pursuit

of the common good. Everyone should be concerned

to create and support institutions that improve the

conditions of human life.

1927

It is the role of the state to defend and promote the

common good of civil society. The common good of

the whole human family calls for an organization of

society on the international level.

A

rticle

3

SOCIAL JUSTICE

1928

Society ensures social justice when it provides the condi­

tions that allow associations or individuals to obtain what is their

due, according to their nature and their vocation. Social justice is

linked to the common good and the exercise of authority.

I.

R

espect

for

the

H

uman

P

erson

1929

Social justice can be obtained only in respecting the tran­

scendent dignity of man. The person represents the ultimate end

of society, which is ordered to him:

What is at stake is the dignity of the human person, whose

defense and promotion have been entrusted to us by the

Creator, and to whom the men andwomen at everymoment

of history are strictly and responsibly in debt.

35

1930

Respect for the human person entails respect for the rights

that flow from his dignity as a creature. These rights are prior to so­

ciety and must be recognized by it. They are the basis of the moral

35 John Paul II,

SRS

47.

2832

1881

1700

1902