Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  483 / 904 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 483 / 904 Next Page
Page Background

Life in Christ

483

1993

Justification establishes

cooperation between God’s grace and

man’s freedom.

On man’s part it is expressed by the assent of faith

to the Word of God, which invites him to conversion, and in the

cooperation of charity with the prompting of the Holy Spirit who

precedes and preserves his assent:

When God touches man’s heart through the illumination of

the Holy Spirit, man himself is not inactive while receiving

that inspiration, since he could reject it; and yet, without

God’s grace, he cannot by his own free will move himself

toward justice in God’s sight.

42

1994

Justification is the

most excellent work of God’s love

made

manifest in Christ Jesus and granted by the Holy Spirit. It is the

opinion of St. Augustine that “the justification of the wicked is a

greater work than the creation of heaven and earth,” because

“heaven and earth will pass away but the salvation and justifica­

tion of the elect . . . will not pass away.”

43

He holds also that the

justification of sinners surpasses the creation of the angels in jus­

tice, in that it bears witness to a greater mercy.

1995

The Holy Spirit is the master of the interior life. By giving

birth to the “inner man,”

44

justification entails the

sanctification

of

his whole being:

Just as you once yielded your members to impurity and to

greater and greater iniquity, so now yield your members to

righteousness for sanctification. . . . But now that you have

been set free from sin and have become slaves of God, the

return you get is sanctification and its end, eternal life.

45

II.

G

race

1996

Our justification comes from the grace of God. Grace is

favor,

the

free and undeserved help

that God gives us to respond to

his call to become children of God, adoptive sons, partakers of the

divine nature and of eternal life.

46

1997

Grace is a

participation in the life of God.

It introduces us into

the intimacy of Trinitarian life: by Baptism the Christian partici­

pates in the grace of Christ, the Head of his Body. As an “adopted

42 Council of Trent (1547): DS 1525.

43 St. Augustine,

In Jo. ev.

72, 3: PL 35, 1823.

44 Cf.

Rom

7:22;

Eph

3:16.

45

Rom

6:19, 22.

46 Cf.

Jn

1:12-18; 17:3;

Rom

8:14-17;

2 Pet

1:3-4.

2008

2068

312

412

741

153

375

260