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492

Part Three

2035

The supreme degree of participation in the authority of

Christ is ensured by the charism of

infallibility.

This infallibility

extends as far as does the deposit of divine Revelation; it also

extends to all those elements of doctrine, including morals, without

which the saving truths of the faith cannot be preserved, explained,

or observed.

77

2036

The authority of the Magisterium extends also to the spe­

cific precepts of the

natural law,

because their observance, de­

manded by the Creator, is necessary for salvation. In recalling the

prescriptions of the natural law, the Magisterium of the Church

exercises an essential part of its prophetic office of proclaiming to

men what they truly are and reminding them of what they should

be before God.

78

2037

The law of God entrusted to the Church is taught to the

faithful as the way of life and truth. The faithful therefore have the

right

to be instructed in the divine saving precepts that purify

judgment and, with grace, heal wounded human reason.

79

They

have the

duty

of observing the constitutions and decrees conveyed

by the legitimate authority of the Church. Even if they concern

disciplinary matters, these determinations call for docility in

charity.

2038

In the work of teaching and applying Christian morality,

the Church needs the dedication of pastors, the knowledge of

theologians, and the contribution of all Christians and men of good

will. Faith and the practice of the Gospel provide each person with

an experience of life “in Christ,” who enlightens him and makes

him able to evaluate the divine and human realities according to

the Spirit of God.

80

Thus the Holy Spirit can use the humblest to

enlighten the learned and those in the highest positions.

77 Cf.

LG

25; CDF, declaration,

Mysterium Ecclesiae

3.

78 Cf.

DH

14.

79 Cf. CIC, can. 213.

80 Cf.

1 Cor

2:10-15.

1960

2041

2442