Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  519 / 904 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 519 / 904 Next Page
Page Background

Life in Christ

519

2145

The faithful should bear witness to the Lord’s name by

confessing the faith without giving way to fear.

76

Preaching and

catechizing should be permeated with adoration and respect for

the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.

2146

The second commandment

forbids the abuse of God’s name,

i.e., every improper use of the names of God, Jesus Christ, but also

of the Virgin Mary and all the saints.

2147

Promises

made to others in God’s name engage the divine

honor, fidelity, truthfulness, and authority. They must be respect­

ed in justice. To be unfaithful to them is to misuse God’s name and

in some way to make God out to be a liar.

77

2148

Blasphemy

is directly opposed to the second command­

ment. It consists in uttering against God—inwardly or outwardly

—words of hatred, reproach, or defiance; in speaking ill of God; in

failing in respect toward him in one’s speech; in misusing God’s

name. St. James condemns those “who blaspheme that honorable

name [of Jesus] by which you are called.”

78

The prohibition of

blasphemy extends to language against Christ’s Church, the saints,

and sacred things. It is also blasphemous to make use of God’s

name to cover up criminal practices, to reduce peoples to servitude,

to torture persons or put them to death. The misuse of God’s name

to commit a crime can provoke others to repudiate religion.

Blasphemy is contrary to the respect due God and his holy

name. It is in itself a grave sin.

79

2149

Oaths

which misuse God’s name, though without the in­

tention of blasphemy, show lack of respect for the Lord. The sec­

ond commandment also forbids

magical use

of the divine name.

[God’s] name is great when spoken with respect for the

greatness of his majesty. God’s name is holy when said with

veneration and fear of offending him.

80

76 Cf.

Mt

10:32;

1 Tim

6:12.

77 Cf.

1 Jn

1:10.

78

Jas

2:7.

79 Cf. CIC, can. 1369.

80 St. Augustine,

De serm. Dom. in monte

2, 5, 19: PL 34, 1278.

2472

427

2101

1756