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Life in Christ

523

A

rticle

3

THE THIRD COMMANDMENT

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you

shall labor, and do all your work; but the seventh day is a

sabbath to the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any

work.

90

The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath; so

the Son of Man is lord even of the sabbath.

91

I.

T

he

S

abbath

D

ay

2168

The third commandment of the Decalogue recalls the ho­

liness of the sabbath: “The seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest,

holy to the Lord.”

92

2169

In speaking of the sabbath Scripture recalls creation: “For

in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that

is in them, and rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed

the sabbath day and hallowed it.”

93

2170

Scripture also reveals in the Lord’s day a

memorial of Israel’s

liberation

frombondage in Egypt: “You shall remember that youwere

a servant in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you

out thence with mighty hand and outstretched arm; therefore the

Lord your God commanded you to keep the sabbath day.”

94

2171

God entrusted the sabbath to Israel to keep as a

sign of the

irrevocable covenant.

95

The sabbath is for the Lord, holy and set apart

for the praise of God, his work of creation, and his saving actions

on behalf of Israel.

2172

God’s action is the model for human action. If God “rested

and was refreshed” on the seventh day, man too ought to “rest”

and should let others, especially the poor, “be refreshed.”

96

The

sabbath brings everyday work to a halt and provides a respite. It

is a day of protest against the servitude of work and the worship

of money.

97

90

Ex

20:8-10; cf.

Deut

5:12-15.

91

Mk

2:27-28.

92

Ex

31:15.

93

Ex

20:11.

94

Deut

5:15.

95 Cf.

Ex

31:16.

96

Ex

31:17; cf. 23:12.

97 Cf.

Neh

13:15-22;

2 Chr

36:21.

346-348

2057

2184