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524

Part Three

2173

The Gospel reports many incidents when Jesus was ac­

cused of violating the sabbath law. But Jesus never fails to respect

the holiness of this day.

98

He gives this law its authentic and

authoritative interpretation: “The sabbath was made for man, not

man for the sabbath.”

99

With compassion, Christ declares the

sabbath for doing good rather than harm, for saving life rather than

killing.

100

The sabbath is the day of the Lord of mercies and a day

to honor God.

101

“The Son of Man is lord even of the sabbath.”

102

II.

T

he

L

ord

s

D

ay

This is the day which the Lord has made; let us rejoice and

be glad in it.

103

The day of the Resurrection: the new creation

2174

Jesus rose from the dead “on the first day of the week.”

104

Because it is the “first day,” the day of Christ’s Resurrection recalls

the first creation. Because it is the “eighth day” following the

sabbath,

105

it symbolizes the new creation ushered in by Christ’s

Resurrection. For Christians it has become the first of all days, the

first of all feasts, the Lord’s Day (

he kuriake hemera, dies

dominica

)—Sunday:

We all gather on the day of the sun, for it is the first day [after

the Jewish sabbath, but also the first day] when God, sepa­

rating matter from darkness, made the world; and on this

same day Jesus Christ our Savior rose from the dead.

106

Sunday—fulfillment of the sabbath

2175

Sunday is expressly distinguished from the sabbath which

it follows chronologically every week; for Christians its ceremonial

observance replaces that of the sabbath. In Christ’s Passover,

98 Cf.

Mk

1:21;

Jn

9:16.

99

Mk

2:27.

100 Cf.

Mk

3:4.

101 Cf.

Mt

12:5;

Jn

7:23.

102

Mk

2:28.

103

Ps

118:24.

104 Cf

. Mt

28:1;

Mk

16:2;

Lk

24:1;

Jn

20:1.

105 Cf.

Mk

16:1;

Mt

28:1.

106 St. Justin, I

Apol.

67: PG 6, 429 and 432.

582

638

349

1166