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534

Part Three

the right to private property, to free enterprise, to obtain work and

housing, and the right to emigrate;

in keeping with the country’s institutions, the right to medical care,

assistance for the aged, and family benefits;

the protection of security and health, especially with respect to dangers

like drugs, pornography, alcoholism, etc.;

the freedom to form associations with other families and so to have

representation before civil authority.

15

2212

The fourth commandment

illuminates other relationships in

society.

In our brothers and sisters we see the children of our

parents; in our cousins, the descendants of our ancestors; in our

fellow citizens, the children of our country; in the baptized, the

children of our mother the Church; in every human person, a son

or daughter of the One who wants to be called “our Father.” In

this way our relationships with our neighbors are recognized as

personal in character. The neighbor is not a “unit” in the human

collective; he is “someone” who by his known origins deserves

particular attention and respect.

2213

Human communities are

made up of persons.

Governing

themwell is not limited to guaranteeing rights and fulfilling duties

such as honoring contracts. Right relations between employers and

employees, between those who govern and citizens, presuppose a

natural good will in keeping with the dignity of human persons

concerned for justice and fraternity.

III.

T

he

D

uties of

F

amily

M

embers

The duties of children

2214

The divine fatherhood is the source of human father­

hood;

16

this is the foundation of the honor owed to parents. The

respect of children, whether minors or adults, for their father and

mother

17

is nourished by the natural affection born of the bond

uniting them. It is required by God’s commandment.

18

2215

Respect for parents (

filial piety

) derives from

gratitude

to­

ward those who, by the gift of life, their love and their work, have

brought their children into the world and enabled them to grow in

15 Cf.

FC

46.

16 Cf.

Eph

3:14.

17 Cf.

Prov

1:8;

Tob

4:3-4.

18 Cf.

Ex

20:12.

225

1931

1939

1858