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540

Part Three

contribution of each, with a view to harmony and peace. They

should take care that the regulations and measures they adopt are

not a source of temptation by setting personal interest against that

of the community.

42

2237

Political authorities

are obliged to respect the fundamental

rights of the human person. They will dispense justice humanely

by respecting the rights of everyone, especially of families and the

disadvantaged.

The political rights attached to citizenship can and should

be granted according to the requirements of the common good.

They cannot be suspended by public authorities without legitimate

and proportionate reasons. Political rights are meant to be exercised

for the common good of the nation and the human community.

The duties of citizens

2238

Those subject to authority should regard those in authority

as representatives of God, who has made them stewards of his gifts:

43

“Be subject for the Lord’s sake to every human institution. . . . Live as

freemen, yet without using your freedomas a pretext for evil; but live

as servants of God.”

44

Their loyal collaboration includes the right, and

at times the duty, to voice their just criticisms of that which seems

harmful to the dignity of persons and to the good of the community.

2239

It is the

duty of citizens

to contribute along with the civil

authorities to the good of society in a spirit of truth, justice, solidar­

ity, and freedom. The love and service of

one’s country

follow from

the duty of gratitude and belong to the order of charity. Submission

to legitimate authorities and service of the common good require

citizens to fulfill their roles in the life of the political community.

2240

Submission to authority and co-responsibility for the com­

mon good make it morally obligatory to pay taxes, to exercise the

right to vote, and to defend one’s country:

Pay to all of them their dues, taxes to whom taxes are due,

revenue to whom revenue is due, respect to whom respect

is due, honor to whom honor is due.

45

42 Cf.

CA

25.

43 Cf.

Rom

13:1-2.

44

1 Pet

2:13, 16.

45

Rom

13:7.

357

1900

1915

2310

2265