Life in Christ
“Honor your father and your mother” (
According to the fourth commandment, God has willed
that, after him, we should honor our parents and those
whom he has vested with authority for our good.
The conjugal community is established upon the
covenant and consent of the spouses. Marriage and
family are ordered to the good of the spouses, to the
procreation and the education of children.
“The well-being of the individual person and of both
human and Christian society is closely bound up with
the healthy state of conjugal and family life” (
47 § 1).
Children owe their parents respect, gratitude, just
obedience, and assistance. Filial respect fosters har
mony in all of family life.
Parents have the first responsibility for the education
of their children in the faith, prayer, and all the vir
tues. They have the duty to provide as far as possible
for the physical and spiritual needs of their children.
Parents should respect and encourage their children’s
vocations. They should remember and teach that the
first calling of the Christian is to follow Jesus.
Public authority is obliged to respect the fundamen
tal rights of the human person and the conditions for
the exercise of his freedom.
It is the duty of citizens to work with civil authority
for building up society in a spirit of truth, justice,
solidarity, and freedom.
Citizens are obliged in conscience not to follow the
directives of civil authorities when they are contrary
to the demands of the moral order. “We must obey
God rather than men” (
Every society’s judgments and conduct reflect a vi
sion of man and his destiny. Without the light the
Gospel sheds on God and man, societies easily be