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Life in Christ

547

Intentional homicide

2268

The fifth commandment forbids

direct and intentional kill-

ing

as gravely sinful. The murderer and those who cooperate vol­

untarily in murder commit a sin that cries out to heaven for

vengeance.

69

Infanticide,

70

fratricide, parricide, and the murder of a spouse

are especially grave crimes by reason of the natural bonds which they

break. Concern for eugenics or public health cannot justify any murder,

even if commanded by public authority.

2269

The fifth commandment forbids doing anything with the

intention of

indirectly

bringing about a person’s death. The moral

law prohibits exposing someone to mortal danger without grave

reason, as well as refusing assistance to a person in danger.

The acceptance by human society of murderous famines, without

efforts to remedy them, is a scandalous injustice and a grave offense. Those

whose usurious and avaricious dealings lead to the hunger and death of

their brethren in the human family indirectly commit homicide, which is

imputable to them.

71

Unintentional

killing is not morally imputable. But one is

not exonerated from grave offense if, without proportionate rea­

sons, he has acted in a way that brings about someone’s death,

even without the intention to do so.

Abortion

2270

Human life must be respected and protected absolutely

from the moment of conception. From the first moment of his

existence, a human being must be recognized as having the rights

of a person—among which is the inviolable right of every innocent

being to life.

72

Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before

you were born I consecrated you.

73

My frame was not hidden from you, when I was being made

in secret, intricately wrought in the depths of the earth.

74

69 Cf.

Gen

4:10.

70 Cf.

GS

51 § 3.

71 Cf.

Am

8:4-10.

72 Cf. CDF,

Donum vitae

I, 1.

73

Jer

1:5; cf.

Job

10:8-12;

Ps

22:10-11.

74

Ps

139:15.

1867

2290

1703

357