Life in Christ
The fifth commandment forbids
direct and intentional kill-
as gravely sinful. The murderer and those who cooperate vol
untarily in murder commit a sin that cries out to heaven for
fratricide, parricide, and the murder of a spouse
are especially grave crimes by reason of the natural bonds which they
break. Concern for eugenics or public health cannot justify any murder,
even if commanded by public authority.
The fifth commandment forbids doing anything with the
bringing about a person’s death. The moral
law prohibits exposing someone to mortal danger without grave
reason, as well as refusing assistance to a person in danger.
The acceptance by human society of murderous famines, without
efforts to remedy them, is a scandalous injustice and a grave offense. Those
whose usurious and avaricious dealings lead to the hunger and death of
their brethren in the human family indirectly commit homicide, which is
imputable to them.
killing is not morally imputable. But one is
not exonerated from grave offense if, without proportionate rea
sons, he has acted in a way that brings about someone’s death,
even without the intention to do so.
Human life must be respected and protected absolutely
from the moment of conception. From the first moment of his
existence, a human being must be recognized as having the rights
of a person—among which is the inviolable right of every innocent
being to life.
Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before
you were born I consecrated you.
My frame was not hidden from you, when I was being made
in secret, intricately wrought in the depths of the earth.
51 § 3.
72 Cf. CDF,