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564

Part Three

The various forms of chastity

2348

All the baptized are called to chastity. The Christian has

“put on Christ,”

135

the model for all chastity. All Christ’s faithful are

called to lead a chaste life in keeping with their particular states of

life. At the moment of his Baptism, the Christian is pledged to lead

his affective life in chastity.

2349

“People should cultivate [chastity] in the way that is suit­

ed to their state of life. Some profess virginity or consecrated celi­

bacy which enables them to give themselves to God alone with an

undivided heart in a remarkable manner. Others live in the way

prescribed for all by the moral law, whether they are married or

single.”

136

Married people are called to live conjugal chastity;

others practice chastity in continence:

There are three forms of the virtue of chastity: the first is that

of spouses, the second that of widows, and the third that of

virgins. We do not praise any one of them to the exclusion

of the others. . . . This is what makes for the richness of the

discipline of the Church.

137

2350

Those who are

engaged to marry

are called to live chastity

in continence. They should see in this time of testing a discovery of

mutual respect, an apprenticeship in fidelity, and the hope of

receiving one another from God. They should reserve for marriage

the expressions of affection that belong to married love. They will

help each other grow in chastity.

Offenses against chastity

2351

Lust

is disordered desire for or inordinate enjoyment of

sexual pleasure. Sexual pleasure ismorally disorderedwhen sought

for itself, isolated from its procreative and unitive purposes.

2352

By

masturbation

is to be understood the deliberate stimu­

lation of the genital organs in order to derive sexual pleasure. “Both

theMagisteriumof the Church, in the course of a constant tradition,

and the moral sense of the faithful have been in no doubt and have

firmly maintained that masturbation is an intrinsically and gravely

disordered action.”

138

“The deliberate use of the sexual faculty, for

whatever reason, outside of marriage is essentially contrary to its

135

Gal

3:27.

136 CDF,

Persona humana

11.

137 St. Ambrose,

De viduis

4, 23: PL 16, 255A.

138 CDF,

Persona humana

9.

1620

1632

2528